Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 52, Issue 2, pp 386–396 | Cite as

Religiousness as a Factor of Hesitation Against Doping Behavior in College-Age Athletes

  • Natasa Zenic
  • Marija Stipic
  • Damir SekulicEmail author
Original Paper


Religiousness is rarely studied as protective factor against substance use and misuse in sport. Further, we have found no investigation where college-age athletes were sampled and studied accordingly. The aim of the present study was to identify gender-specific protective effects of the religiousness (measured by Santa Clara Questionnaire) and other social, educational, and sport variables as a potential factors of hesitation against doping behaviors in sport-science-students from Mostar, Bosnia, and Herzegovina (51 women and 111 men; age range, 18–26). The gender differences for the non-parametric variables were established by Kruskall–Wallis test, while for the parametric variables the t-test for independent samples was used. Multiple regression calculations revealed religiousness as the most significant predictor of the social, health, sport and legal factors of hesitation against doping behaviors in both genders. However, the differential influence of the social, educational, sport and religious factors in relation to negative consequences of the doping behaviors is found for men and women. Such differential influence must be emphasized in tailoring the anti-doping policy and interventions.


Substance use Test construction Predictors Measurement Validity Factor analysis 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of KinesiologyUniversity of SplitSplitCroatia
  2. 2.Faculty of Natural Sciences, Mathematics and EducationUniversity of MostarMostarBosnia and Herzegovina
  3. 3.Clinical Hospital SplitSplitCroatia

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