Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 52, Issue 1, pp 307–317 | Cite as

Religiosity and Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy Among Patients Attending a Public Hospital-Based HIV/AIDS Clinic in Uganda

  • Rita N. Kisenyi
  • Joshua K. Muliira
  • Elizabeth Ayebare
Article

Abstract

In Uganda, the prevalence of non-adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) by HIV/AIDS patients remains high and sometimes this is blamed on patients’ religious behavior. A descriptive design was used to examine the relationship between religiosity and ART adherence in a sample of 220 patients attending a HIV/AIDS clinic in a Ugandan public hospital. Participants who self-identified as Pentecostal and Muslim had the highest percentage of members with high religiosity scores and ART adherence. Among Muslim participants (34), 82% reported high religiosity scores and high levels of ART adherence. Of the fifty Pentecostals participants, 96% reported high religiosity scores and 80% reported high levels of ART adherence. Correlation analysis showed a significant relationship between ART adherence and religiosity (r = 0.618, P ≤ 0.01). Therefore, collaboration between religious leaders and HIV/AIDS healthcare providers should be encouraged as one of the strategies for enhancing ART adherence.

Keywords

Antiretroviral therapy Adherence Religiosity HIV/AIDS patients Uganda 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rita N. Kisenyi
    • 1
  • Joshua K. Muliira
    • 2
  • Elizabeth Ayebare
    • 2
  1. 1.Clinical Nurse, Infectious DiseasesMulago National Referral and Teaching HospitalKampalaUganda
  2. 2.Department of Nursing, College of Health SciencesMakerere UniversityKampalaUganda

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