Advertisement

Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 51, Issue 3, pp 825–836 | Cite as

Hospitable Hospitals in a Diverse Society: From Chaplains to Spiritual Care Providers

  • Barbara Pesut
  • Sheryl Reimer-Kirkham
  • Richard Sawatzky
  • Gloria Woodland
  • Perry Peverall
Original Paper

Abstract

The chaplain’s role in health care services has changed profoundly within the contexts of managerial and fiscal constraints, and increasingly pluralistic and secularized societies. Drawing from a larger study that examined religious and spiritual plurality in health care, we present findings regarding the contributions of chaplains or spiritual care providers (SCPs) as they are referred to more recently, in Canadian institutional health care contexts. Qualitative analyses of interviews with 14 employed SCPs and 7 volunteers provided insights about legitimizing and crafting the role of SPCs, becoming part of the health care team, and brokering diversity. Implications are discussed in relation to role clarification and policy development for truly hospitable health care.

Keywords

Spiritual care Chaplaincy Health care 

References

  1. Baxendale, R. (2009). 24 h in the Chaplaincy. Scottish Journal of Healthcare Chaplaincy, 12, 28–31.Google Scholar
  2. Bay, P. S., Beckman, D., Trippi, J., Gunderman, R., & Terry, C. (2008). The effect of pastoral care services on anxiety, depression, hope, religious coping, and religious problem solving styles: A randomized controlled study. Journal of Religion and Health, 47, 57–69.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Beyer, P., & Beaman, L. (Eds.). (2007). Religion, globalization and culture. Leiden, The Netherlands: Koninklijke Brill NV.Google Scholar
  4. Bibby, R. W. (2006). The boomer factor: What Canada’s most famous generation is leaving behind. Toronto, ON: Bastian Books.Google Scholar
  5. Cadge, W., Freese, J., & Christakis, N. A. (2008). The provision of hospital chaplaincy in the United States: A national overview. Southern Medical Journal, 101, 626–630.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Carey, L. B., Cohen, J., & Rumbold, B. (2008a). In vitro fertilization and health care chaplaincy: An Australian exploratory study. Scottish Journal of Healthcare Chaplaincy, 11, 20–30.Google Scholar
  7. Carey, L. B., Cohen, J., & Rumbold, B. (2008b). Inter-faith pastoral care and the role of the health care chaplain. Scottish Journal of Healthcare Chaplaincy, 11, 21–32.Google Scholar
  8. Carey, L. B., Cohen, J., & Rumbold, B. (2009). Healthcare chaplaincy and euthanasia in Australia. Scottish Journal of Healthcare Chaplaincy, 12, 3–12.Google Scholar
  9. Flannelly, K. J., Galek, K., Handzo, G. F., Weaver, A. J., & Overvold, J. A. (2006). A national survey of hospital directors’ views about the importance of various Chaplain roles: Differences among disciplines and types of hospitals. Journal of Pastoral Care and Counseling, 60, 213–225.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Flannelly, K. J., Liu, C., Oppenheimer, J. E., Weaver, A. J., & Larson, D. B. (2003). An evaluation of the quality and quantity of empirical research in three pastoral care and counseling journals, 1990–1999. Has anything changed? Journal of Pastoral Care and Counseling, 57, 167–177.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Galek, K., Flannelly, K. J., Jacobs, M. R., & Barone, J. D. (2008). Spiritual needs: Gender differences among professional spiritual care providers. The Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling, 62, 29–35.Google Scholar
  12. Handzo, G. F., Flannelly, K. J., Kudler, T., Fogg, S. L., Harding, S. R., Hasan, Y. H., et al. (2008). What do chaplains really do? II. Interventions in the New York Chaplaincy Study. Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy, 14, 39–56.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Harding, S. R., Flannelly, K. J., Galek, K., & Tannenbaum, H. P. (2008). Spiritual care, pastoral care, and chaplains: Trends in the health care literature. Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy, 14, 99–117.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Harvey, K., Brown, B., Crawford, P., & Candlin, S. (2008). Elicitation hooks: A discourse analysis of chaplain-patient interaction in pastoral and spiritual care. The Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling, 62, 43–61.Google Scholar
  15. Hughes, B., Whitmer, M., & Hurst, S. (2007). Innovative solutions: A plurality of vision–integrating the chaplain into the critical care unit. Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing, 26, 91–95.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kernohan, W. G., Waldron, M., McAfee, C., Cochrane, B., & Hasson, F. (2007). An evidence base for a palliative care chaplaincy service in Northern Ireland. Palliative Medicine, 21, 519–525.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lee, S. J. C. (2002). In a secular spirit: Strategies of clinical pastoral education. Health Care Analysis, 10, 339–356.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lloyd Williams, M., Wright, M., Cobb, M., & Shiels, C. (2004). A prospective study of the roles, responsibilities and stresses of chaplains working within a hospice. Palliative Medicine, 18, 638–645.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Loewy, R. S., & Loewy, E. H. (2007). Healthcare and the hospital chaplain. Medscape General Medicine, 9, 53.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Orchard, H. (2001). Being there: Presence and absence in spiritual care delivery. In H. Orchard (Ed.), Spirituality in healthcare contexts (pp. 147–159). London: Jessica Kingsley.Google Scholar
  21. Piderman, K. M., Marek, D. V., Jenkins, S. M., Johnson, M. E., Buryska, J. F., & Mueller, P. S. (2008). Patients’ expectations of hospital chaplains. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 83, 58–65.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Randall, F., & Downie, R. S. (2006). The philosophy of palliative care: Critique and reconstruction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Sheikh, A., Gatrad, A. R., Sheikh, U., Panesar, S. S., & Shafi, S. (2004). The myth of multifaith chaplaincy: A national survey of hospital chaplaincy departments in England and Wales. Diversity in Health and Social Care, 1, 93–97.Google Scholar
  24. Swift, C. (2009). Hospital chaplaincy in the twenty-first century: The crisis of spiritual care on the NHS. Surrey, England: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  25. Thorne, S. (2008). Interpretive description. Walnut Creek, California: Left Coast Press.Google Scholar
  26. Vanderwerker, L. C., Flannelly, K. J., Galek, K., Harding, S. R., Handzo, G. F., Oettinger, M., et al. (2008). What do chaplains really do? III. Referrals in the New York Chaplaincy Study. Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy, 14, 57–73.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Weaver, A. J., Flannelly, K. J., & Liu, C. (2008). Chaplaincy research: Its value, its quality, and its future. Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy, 14, 3–19.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wittenberg-Lyles, E., Oliver, D. P., Demiris, G., Baldwin, P., & Regehr, K. (2008). Communication dynamics in hospice teams: Understanding the role of the chaplain in interdisciplinary team collaboration. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 11, 1330–1335.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Wright, M. (2001). Chaplaincy in hospice and hospital: Findings from a survey in England and Wales. Palliative Medicine, 15, 229–242.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barbara Pesut
    • 1
  • Sheryl Reimer-Kirkham
    • 2
  • Richard Sawatzky
    • 2
  • Gloria Woodland
    • 3
  • Perry Peverall
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Nursing FIN 344University of British Columbia OkanaganKelownaCanada
  2. 2.School of NursingTrinity Western UniversityLangleyCanada
  3. 3.Providence SeminaryAdjunct Faculty ACTSLangleyCanada
  4. 4.Spiritual Care PractitionerLangley Memorial HospitalLangleyCanada

Personalised recommendations