Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 49, Issue 3, pp 322–332

The Lack of Teaching/Study of Religiosity/Spirituality in Psychology Degree Courses in Brazil: The Need for Reflection

  • Waldecíria Costa
  • Conceição Nogueira
  • Teresa Freire
Original Paper
  • 126 Downloads

Abstract

This study investigated the existence/non-existence of subjects on the theme of religion/spirituality, in psychology degree courses in Brazil. Data were collected from university websites and through e-mail. The data include 301 (84.6%) of all existing courses; the subject of religiosity/spirituality is incorporated into 13% of public institutions and in 16% of private institutions; 84% of the courses do not have this subject incorporated into their curricula. Actually, few programs provide formal training in religion/spirituality. We present the definition of some terms, conclusions from publications within the theme of religion/spirituality, and a brief background on the place that religion holds in the culture of the Brazilians.

Keywords

Religiosity/spirituality Psychology training Psychology degree courses 

References

  1. Adventist Group of Psychologists of Rio de Janeiro. (2008). Retrieved 12/02/2008, 2008, from http://www.advir.com.br/gparj/.
  2. Amatuzzi, M. M. (2003). Fé e ideologia na compreensão psicológica da pessoa. Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica, 16(3), 569–575.Google Scholar
  3. ANPEPP–Associação Nacional de Pesquisa e Pós-graduação em Psicologia. (2004). Grupo de trabalho psicologia & religião, Retrieved January 11, 2008, from http://www.anpepp.org.br/XSimposio/Psicologia%20&%20religi%C3%A3o.doc.
  4. Barros, M. N. F., & Santos, R. A. C. (1999). A busca de significados nos movimentos religiosos [Electronic Version]. Revista de psicologia social e institucional, 1. Retrieved 16/01/2008, from http://www.psicologia.com.pt/areas/subarea.php?cod=d15D.
  5. Bartoli, E. (2007). Religious and spiritual issues in psychotherapy practice: Training the trainer. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice. Training (New York, NY), 44(1), 54–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Berger, P. L. (1999). The desecularization of the world: A global overview. In P. L. Berger (Ed.), The desecularization of the world, resurgent religion in world politics (pp. 1–18). Washington: Ethics and Public Policy Center.Google Scholar
  7. Bergin, A. E., Stinchfield, R. D., Gaskin, T. A., Masters, K. S., & Sullivan, C. E. (1988). Religious life-styles and menthal health. An exploratory study. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 35(1), 91–98. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.35.1.91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Brazilian Association of Spiritists Psychologists – Abrape. (2008). Retrieved 12/02/2008, 2008, from http://abrape.org.br/.
  9. Catholic Association of Psychiatrists and Psychologists - ACPP. (2008). Retrieved 15/02/2008, 2008, from http://www.acpp.org.br/.
  10. Cotton, S. (2006). Spirituality and religion in patients with HIV/AIDS. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 21, S5–S13. doi:10.1111/j.1525-1497.2006.00642.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Dalgalarrondo, P. (2006). Relações entre duas dimensões fundamentais da vida: saúde e religião. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria (Sao Paulo, Brazil), 28(3), 177–178. doi:10.1590/S1516-44462006000300006.Google Scholar
  12. Dalgalarrondo, P., Soldera, M. A., & Corrêa Filho, H. (2004). Religião e uso de drogas por adolescentes. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria (Sao Paulo, Brazil), 26(2), 82–90. doi:10.1590/S1516-44462004000200004.Google Scholar
  13. Datafolha, I. P. (2007). 90% dos brasileiros vão à igreja, a cultos ou serviços religiosos 17% frequentam mais de uma religião (Publication. Retrieved 18/12/2008: http://datafolha.folha.uol.com.br/folha/datafolha/tabs/religiao_03052007_tb4.pdf, Editor. (2007). País altera mapa da fé, mas não a sua religiosidade. Folha online Retrieved January 20, 2008, from http://www.folha.uol.com.br/folha/brasil/ult91940.shtml.
  14. Emmons, R. A., & Paloutzians, R. F. (2003). The psychology of religion. Annual Review of Psychology, 54, 377–402. doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.54.101601.145024.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Faria, J. B., & Seidl, E. M. F. (2005). Religiosidade e enfrentamento em contextos de saúde e doença: revisão de literatura. Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica, 18(3), 381–389. doi:10.1590/S0102-79722005000300012.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Faria, J. B., & Seidl, E. M. F. (2006). Religiosidade, enfrentamento religiosos e bem-estar subjetivo em pessoas vivendo com HIV/AIDS. Psicologia em Estudo, 11(1), 155–164. doi:10.1590/S1413-73722006000100018.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Federal Council of Psychology – CFP. (2007). Retrieved October 20, 2007, from http://www.cfp.org.br.
  18. Fortin, A. H., & Barnett, K. G. (2004). Medical school curricula in spirituality and medicine. Journal of the American Medical Association, 291(23). doi:10.1001/jama.291.23.2883.
  19. Group of Christian Psychiatrists and Psychologists – CPPC. (2008). Retrieved 15/11/2008, 2008, from http://www.cccp.org.br.
  20. Hage, S. M. (2006). A closer look at the role of spirituality in psychology training programs. Professional Psychology, Research and Practice, 37(3), 303–310. doi:10.1037/0735-7028.37.3.303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hill, P. C., & Pargament, K. I. (2003). Advances in the conceptualization and measurement of religion and spirituality: Implications for physical and mental health research. The American Psychologist, 58(1), 64–74. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.58.1.64.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Hill, P. C., Pargament, K. I., Hood, R. W., McCullough, M. E., Swyers, J. P., Larson, D. B., et al. (2000). Conceptualizing religion and spirituality: Points of commonality, points of departure. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 30(1), 51–77. doi:10.1111/1468-5914.00119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Knickmeyer, N. (2004). The bruised reed, she will not break: An investigation of the relationship between religion and experiences of domestic violence in the lives of Christian battered women. Memphis: University of Memphis.Google Scholar
  24. Koenig, H. G. (2007). Religion, spirituality and psychotic disorders. Revista de Psiquiatria Clínica, 34(1), 95–104.Google Scholar
  25. Koenig, H. G., McCullough, M. E., & Larson, D. B. (2001). Handbook of religion and health. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  26. Lee, E. K., & Sharpe, T. (2007). Understanding religious/spiritual coping and support resources among African American older adults: A mixed-method approach. Journal of Religion Spirituality and Aging, 19(3), 55–75. doi:10.1300/J496v19n03_05.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Machado, M. D. C. (2005). Representações e relações de gênero nos grupos pentecostais. Revista Estudos Feministas, 13(2), 387–396. doi:10.1590/S0104-026X2005000200012.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Machado, M. D. C., & Mariz, C. L. (1997). Mulheres e práticas religiosas nas classes populares: Uma comparação entre as igrejas pentecostais, as comunidades eclesiais de base e os grupos carismáticos. Revista Brasileira de Ciencias Sociais, 12(34), 71–87.Google Scholar
  29. Moreira-Almeida, M., Lotufo-Neto, F., & Koenig, H. G. (2006). Religiousness and mental health: A review. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria (Sao Paulo, Brazil), 28(3), 242–250.Google Scholar
  30. National Research Council - CNPq. (2008). Retrieved 10/05/2008, 2008, from http://dgp.cnpq.br/buscaoperacional.
  31. Neri, M. (2005). A Ética Católica e o Espírito da Revolução Feminina [Electronic Version]. Conjuntura Econômica. Retrieved December 12, 2007, from http://www.fgv.br/cps/religioes/Apresenta%C3%A7%C3%A3o/valor.pdf.
  32. Paiva, G. J. (2002). Perder e recuperar a alma: Tendências recentes na psicologia social da religião Norte-Americana e Européia. Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa (Brasília), 18(2), 173–178. doi:10.1590/S0102-37722002000200007.Google Scholar
  33. Paiva, G. J. (2007). Religião, enfrentamento e cura: Perspectivas psicológicas. Estudos de Psicologia, 24(1), 99–104. doi:10.1590/S0103-166X2007000100011.Google Scholar
  34. Panzini, R. G. (2004). Escala de coping religioso-espiritual (Escala CRE): Tradução, adaptação e validação da escala RCOPE, abordando relações com saúde e qualidade de vida. Porto Alegre: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul.Google Scholar
  35. Panzini, R. G., & Bandeira, D. R. (2005). Escala de coping religioso-espiritual (Escala CRE): Elaboração e validação de construto. Psicologia em Estudo, 10(3), 507–516. doi:10.1590/S1413-73722005000300019.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Pargament, K. I. (1997). The psychology of religion and coping: Theory, research, practice. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  37. Pargament, K. I. (2002). The bitter and the sweet: An evaluation of the costs and benefits of religiousness. Psychological Inquiry, 13(3), 168–181. doi:10.1207/S15327965PLI1303_02.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Pendleton, S. M., Cavalli, K. S., Pargament, K. I., & Narz, S. Z. (2002). Religious/spiritual coping in childhood cystic fibrosis: A qualitative study. Pediatrics, 109(1), 1–11. doi:10.1542/peds.109.1.e8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Portella, R. (2006). Religião, Sensibilidades Religiosas e Pós-Modernidade. Da ciranda entre religião e secularização [Electronic Version]. Revista de Estudos da Religião 2, 71–87. Retrieved 13.01.2008, from http://www.pucsp.br/rever/rv2_2006/t_portella.htm.
  40. Puchalski, C. M. (2002). Forgiveness: Spiritual and medical implications. Spirituality, religious wisdom, and the care of the patient. [Electronic Version]. The Yale Journal for Humanities in Medicine. Retrieved 21-12-2008, from http://yjhm.yale.edu/archives/spirit2003/forgiveness/forgivenessintro.htm.
  41. Puchalski, C. M., & Larson, D. B. (1998). Developing curricula in spirituality and medicine. Academic Medicine, 73(9). doi:10.1097/00001888-199809000-00015.
  42. Puchalski, C. M., & Romer, A. N. (2000). Taking a spiritual history allows clinicians to understand patients more fully. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 3(1), 129–137. doi:10.1089/jpm.2000.3.129.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Rosado-Nunes, M. J. (2005). Gênero e Religião. Revista Estudos Feministas, 13(2), 363–365. doi:10.1590/S0104-026X2005000200009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Russel, S. R., & Yarhouse, M. A. (2006). Training in religion/spirituality within APA-accredited psychology. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice. American Psychological Association, 37(4), 430–436. doi:10.1037/0735-7028.37.4.430.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Sanchez, Z. M., & Nappo, S. A. (2007). A religiosidade, a espiritualidade e o consumo de drogas. Revista de Psiquiatria Clínica, 34(1), 73–81.Google Scholar
  46. Seidl, E. M. F., Zannon, C. M., & Tróccoli, B. T. (2005). Pessoas vivendo com HIV/AIDS: Enfrentamento, suporte social e qualidade de vida. Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica, 18(2), 188–195. doi:10.1590/S0102-79722005000200006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Senter, K. E., & Caldwell, K. (2001). Spirituality and the maintenance of change: A phenomenological study of women who leave abusive relationships. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences, 65(5-A).Google Scholar
  48. Weaver, A. J., Pargament, K. I., Flannelly, K. J., & Oppenheimer, J. E. (2006). Trends in the scientific study of religion, spirituality, and health: 1965–2000. Journal of Religion and Health, 45(2), 208–214. doi:10.1007/s10943-006-9011-3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Wood, R. J., & Hebert, E. (2005). The relationship between spiritual meaning and purpose and drug and alcohol use among college students. American Journal of Health Studies, 20(2), 72–80.Google Scholar
  50. Woodhead, L. (2002). Religions in the modern world. Traditions and transformations. In L. Woodhead (Ed.), Women and Religion (Vol. ½) (pp. 332–356). London: Routledge.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Waldecíria Costa
    • 1
  • Conceição Nogueira
    • 1
  • Teresa Freire
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Psicologia, Instituto de Educação e PsicologiaUniversidade do MinhoBragaPortugal

Personalised recommendations