Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 44, Issue 3, pp 321–340 | Cite as

The Role of Religion and Spirituality in Medical Patients in Germany

  • Arndt Büssing
  • Thomas Ostermann
  • Peter F. Matthiessen

Abstract

Using the new developed SpREUK questionnaire (version 1.0b), we examined how German patients (n = 129) with cancer, multiple sclerosis and other diseases view the impact of spirituality and religiosity (SpR) on their health and how they cope with illness. Patients with both a religious and spiritual attitude (32%) had significantly higher values in the sub-scales dealing with the search for meaningful support, and the stabilizing effects of SpR than patients without such attitudes (20%), while patients with a non-spiritual religious attitude (35%) had lower perception of the beneficial effects of their SpR and had significantly lower scores in the search for meaningful support sub-scale. Just half of the non-spiritual religious group and 42% of religious patients are convinced that finding an access to a spiritual source has a positive influence on their illness.

Keywords

questionnaires religion and medicine spirituality and religion coping chronic disease 

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Copyright information

© Blanton-Peale Institute 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arndt Büssing
    • 1
  • Thomas Ostermann
    • 2
  • Peter F. Matthiessen
    • 3
  1. 1.medical doctor and associated professor of the Department of Medical Theory and Complementary Medicine,Head of the Department of Applied Immunology, Cancer Research Foundation HerdeckeUniversity Witten/Herdecke,Herdecke Community HospitalGermany
  2. 2.mathematician and research fellow of the Department of Medical Theory and Complementary MedicineUniversity Witten/HerdeckeGermany
  3. 3.psychiatrist and head of the Department for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy at the Herdecke Community Hospital, and head of the Department of Medical Theory and Complementary MedicineUniversity Witten/HerdeckeGermany

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