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Journal of Quantitative Criminology

, Volume 33, Issue 3, pp 427–449 | Cite as

The Trajectories of Crime at Places: Understanding the Patterns of Disaggregated Crime Types

  • Martin A. AndresenEmail author
  • Andrea S. Curman
  • Shannon J. Linning
Original Paper

Abstract

Objectives

Investigate the spatial concentrations and the stability of trajectories for disaggregated crime types on street segments and intersections in Vancouver, Canada.

Methods

A longitudinal analysis of 16 years of crime data using street segments and intersections as the units of analysis. We use the k-means non-parametric cluster analysis technique considering eight crime types: assault, burglary, robbery, theft, theft of vehicle, theft from vehicle, other, and total crime.

Results

The overall results for the individual crime types versus overall crime are similar: crime is highly concentrated regardless of crime type, most street segment and intersection trajectories are stable over time with the others decreasing, and most decreasing trajectories are in the same general areas. However, there are notable differences across crime types that need to be considered when attempting to understand spatial pattern changes and implement crime prevention initiatives.

Conclusions

The law of crime concentration at places holds in Vancouver, Canada for disaggregated crime types in the context of spatial concentrations and their stability over time. However, notable differences exist across crime types that should be accounted for when developing theory or policy.

Keywords

Crime and place Trajectory analysis Spatial criminology 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank three anonymous reviewers whose comments have made this a better paper.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin A. Andresen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Andrea S. Curman
    • 2
  • Shannon J. Linning
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Criminology, Institute for Canadian Urban Research StudiesSimon Fraser UniversityBurnabyCanada
  2. 2.Department of CriminologyKwantlen Polytechnic UniversitySurreyCanada
  3. 3.School of Criminal JusticeUniversity of CincinnatiCincinnatiUSA

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