Journal of Quantitative Criminology

, Volume 31, Issue 1, pp 127–147 | Cite as

Crime and Place: A Longitudinal Examination of Street Segment Patterns in Vancouver, BC

  • Andrea S. N. Curman
  • Martin A. Andresen
  • Paul J. Brantingham
Original Paper

Abstract

Objectives

To test the generalizability of previous crime and place trajectory analysis research on a different geographic location, Vancouver BC, and using alternative methods.

Methods

A longitudinal analysis of a 16-year data set using the street segment as the unit of analysis. We use both the group-based trajectory model and a non-parametric cluster analysis technique termed k-means that does not require the same degree of assumptions as the group-based trajectory model.

Results

The majority of street blocks in Vancouver evidence stable crime trends with a minority that reveal decreasing crime trends. The use of the k-means has a significant impact on the results of the analysis through a reduction in the number of classes, but the qualitative results are similar.

Conclusions

The qualitative results of previous crime and place trajectory analyses are confirmed. Though the different trajectory analysis methods generate similar results, the non-parametric k-means model does significantly change the results. As such, any data set that does not satisfy the assumptions of the group-based trajectory model should use an alternative such as k-means.

Keywords

Crime and place Trajectory analysis Spatial criminology 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrea S. N. Curman
    • 1
  • Martin A. Andresen
    • 2
  • Paul J. Brantingham
    • 2
  1. 1.Police ServicesMinistry of Justice, Province of British ColumbiaBurnabyCanada
  2. 2.School of Criminology, Institute for Canadian Urban Research StudiesSimon Fraser UniversityBurnabyCanada

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