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Journal of Quantitative Criminology

, Volume 21, Issue 1, pp 73–102 | Cite as

Measurement Properties of the Communities That Care® Youth Survey Across Demographic Groups

  • Renita R. Glaser
  • M. Lee Van. Horn
  • Michael W. ArthurEmail author
  • J. David. Hawkins
  • Richard F. Catalano
Article

Prevention science has produced information about risk and protective factors that predict adolescent drug use and related problem behaviors. This paper investigates the Communities That Care Youth Survey that measures multiple risk and protective factors. Using a sample of 172,628 students who participated in surveys administered in seven states in 1998, analyses were conducted to test the factor structure of these risk and protective factors and to test the equivalence of the factor models across five racial/ethnic groups (African Americans, Asians or Pacific Islanders, Caucasians, Hispanic Americans, and Native Americans), four grade levels (6th, 8th, 10th, and 12th) and both gender groups. Results support the construct validity of the survey’s risk and protective factor scales and indicate that the measures are equally reliable across males and females and five racial/ethnic groups. Implications of these findings for science-based prevention planning are discussed.

Keywords

risk and protective factors youth survey validity measurement drug use prevention 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Renita R. Glaser
    • 1
  • M. Lee Van. Horn
    • 1
    • 2
  • Michael W. Arthur
    • 1
    Email author
  • J. David. Hawkins
    • 1
  • Richard F. Catalano
    • 1
  1. 1.Social Development Research GroupUniversity of WashingtonSeattleWA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of South CarolinaColumbia

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