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Journal of Psycholinguistic Research

, Volume 42, Issue 4, pp 339–347 | Cite as

For a New Look at ‘Lexical Errors’: Evidence from Semantic Approximations with Verbs in Aphasia

  • Karine DuvignauEmail author
  • Thi Mai Tran
  • Mélanie Manchon
Article
  • 330 Downloads

Abstract

The ability to understand the similarity between two phenomena is fundamental for humans. Designated by the term analogy in psychology, this ability plays a role in the categorization of phenomena in the world and in the organisation of the linguistic system. The use of analogy in language often results in non-standard utterances, particularly in speakers with aphasia. These non-standard utterances are almost always studied in a nominal context and considered as errors. We propose a study of the verbal lexicon and present findings that measure, by an action-video naming task, the importance of verb-based non-standard utterances made by 17 speakers with aphasia (“la dame déshabille l’orange”/the lady undresses the orange, “elle casse la tomate”/she breaks the tomato). The first results we have obtained allow us to consider these type of utterances from a new perspective: we propose to eliminate the label of “error”, suggesting that they may be viewed as semantic approximations based upon a relationship of inter-domain synonymy and are ingrained in the heart of the lexical system.

Keywords

Aphasia Categorization Lexicon Semantic approximations Verbs 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karine Duvignau
    • 1
    Email author
  • Thi Mai Tran
    • 2
  • Mélanie Manchon
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratoire CLLE-ERSS, Maison de la RechercheUniversité Toulouse 2ToulouseFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire STLUniversité LilleLilleFrance
  3. 3.Laboratory for Cognitive and Neurological Sciences (LCNS), Neurology Department of MedicineUniversity of Fribourg & Hopital CantonalFribourgSwitzerland

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