Advertisement

Journal of Psycholinguistic Research

, Volume 42, Issue 1, pp 37–49 | Cite as

Is the Motor or the Garage More Important to the Car? The Difference Between Semantic Associations in Single Word and Sentence Production

  • Juliane Muehlhaus
  • Stefan Heim
  • Olga Sachs
  • Frank Schneider
  • Ute Habel
  • Katharina Sass
Article

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of part-whole (e.g., car-motor) and functional associations (e.g., car-garage) on single word (Experiment 1) and sentence production (Experiment 2). In Experiment 1, a classical picture-word task was used. In Experiment 2, the same stimuli and distractors were embedded into a sentence. The relation between target and distractor was either part-whole, functional or unrelated. At single word level, part-whole and functional relations facilitate naming. Additionally, the facilitation effect was stronger for part-whole in comparison to functional associations. During sentence production, facilitation shifted to interference. The difference between both relations disappeared. The findings of the different effects between functional and part-whole associations depend on the length of utterances and highlight the divergent impact of associations. The differences between part-whole and functional associations in single word production might reflect a differential organization of associative links at the conceptual level. In contrast, during sentence production the syntactic processing at the lexical level seem to be more important than types of semantic associations at the conceptual level.

Keywords

Picture-word interference paradigm Semantic relation Speech production 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abdel Rahman R., Melinger A. (2007) When bees hamper the production of honey: Lexical interference from associates in speech production. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 33: 604–614PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Abdel Rahman R., Melinger A. (2009) Semantic context effects in language production: A swinging lexical network proposal and a review. Language and Cognitive Processes 24: 713–734CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Alario F.-X., Segui J., Ferrand L. (2000) Semantic and associative priming in picture naming. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 53: 741–764PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Baayen R., Piepenbrock R., Rijn H. (1993) The CELEX lexical database (Release 1) [CD-ROM]. Linguistic Data Consortium, University of Pennsylvania, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  5. Baluch B., Besner D. (1991) Visual word recognition—Evidence for strategic control of lexical and non lexical routines in oral reading. Journal of Experimental Psychology-Learning Memory and Cognition 17: 644–652CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bölte J., Jorschik A., Zwitserlood P. (2003) Reading yellow speeds up naming a picture of banana: Facilitation and inhibition in picture-word interference. In: Schmalhofer F., Young R. M., Katz G. (Eds.), Proceedings of the European Cognitive Science conference. Mawah, LEA, pp 55–60Google Scholar
  7. Caramazza A., Shelton J. R. (1998) Domain-specific knowledge systems in the brain the animate-inanimate distinction. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 10: 1–34PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Costa A., Alario F. X., Caramazza A. (2005) On the categorical nature of the semantic interference effect in the picture-word interference paradigm. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 12: 125–131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Damian M. F., Martin R. C. (1999) Semantic and phonological codes interact in single word production. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 25: 345–361PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Estes Z., Golonka S., Jones L. L. (2011) Thematic thinking: The apprehension and consequences of thematic relations. In: Ross B. (Ed.), The psychology of learning and motivation, Vol. 54. Academic Press, Burlington, pp 249–294Google Scholar
  11. Gerstl P., Pribbenow S. (1995) Midwinters, end games, and body parts: A calssification of part-whole relations. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies 43: 865–889CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Heim S., Eickhoff S. B., Friederici A. D., Amunts K. (2009) Left cytoarchitectonic area 44 supports selection in the mental lexicon during language production. Brain Structure & Function 213: 441–456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Jescheniak J. D., Schriefers H. (2001) Priming effects from phonologically related distractors in picture-word interference. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 54: 371–382PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Kalénine S., Peyrin C., Pichat C., Segebarth C., Bonthoux F., Baciu M. (2009) The sensory-motor specificity of taxonomic and thematic conceptual relations: A behavioral and fMRI study. NeuroImage 44: 1152–1162PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kang H., Simpson G. (2001) Local strategic control of information in visual word recognition. Memory & Cognition, 29: 648–655CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kello C., Plaut D., MacWhinney B. (2000) The task dependence of staged versus cascaded processing: an empirical and computational study of Stroop interference in speech production. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 129: 340–361CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Levelt, W. J., Roelofs, A., & Meyer, A. S. (1999). A theory of lexical access in speech production. Behavioral and Brain Science, 22, 1–38; discussion 38–75.Google Scholar
  18. Levelt W. J., Meyer A. S. (2000) Word for word: Multiple lexical access in speech production. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology 12(4): 433–452CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Levelt W. J. (2001) Spoken word production: A theory of lexical access. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 98: 13464–13471PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lin E. L., Murphy G. L. (2001) Thematic relations in adults’ concepts. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130: 3–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Meyer A. S. (1996) Lexical access in phrase and sentence production: Results from picture-word interference experiments. Journal of Memory and Language 35: 477–496CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Meyer A. S. (1997) Conceptual influences on grammatical planning units. Language and Cognitive Processes 12: 859–863CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Moss H. E., Ostrin R. K., Tyler L. K., Marslen-Wilson W. D. (1995) Accessing different types of lexical semantic information: Evidence from priming. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 21: 863–883CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Oldfield R. C. (1971) The assessment and analysis of handedness: The Edinburgh inventory. Neuropsychologia 9: 97–113PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Ratcliff R. (1993) Methods for dealing with reaction time outliers. Psychological Bulletin 114: 510–532PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Roelofs A. (1992) A spreading-activation theory of lemma retrieval in speaking. Cognition 42: 107–142PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Sachs O., Weis S., Krings T., Huber W., Kircher T. (2008) Categorical and thematic knowledge representation in the brain: neural correlates of taxonomic and thematic conceptual relations. Neuropsychologia 46: 409–418PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Sailor K., Brooks P. J., Bruening P. R., Seiger-Gardner L., Guterman M. (2009) Exploring the time course of semantic interference and associative priming in the picture-word interference task. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 62: 789–801PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Sass K., Krach S., Sachs O., Kircher T. T. J. (2009) Lion-tiger-stripes: Neural correlates of indirect semantic priming across processing modalities. NeuroImage 45: 224–236PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Sass K., Heim S., Sachs O., Theede K., Muehlhaus J., Krach S. (2010) Why the leash constrains the dog: Investigating the impact of semantic associations and distractor modality on sentence production. Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis 70: 435–453PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Schriefers H., Meyer A. S., Levelt W. J. M. (1990) Exploring the time course of lexical access in language production: Picture-word interference studies. Journal of Memory and Language 29: 86–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Tabossi P., Laghi L. (1992) Semantic priming in the pronunciation of words in two writing systems: Italian and English. Memory & Cognition, 20: 303–313CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Tyler L. K., Moss H. E., Durrant-Peatfield M. R., Levy J. P. (2000) Conceptual structure and the structure of concepts: A distributed account of category-specific deficits. Brain and Language 75: 195–231PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Winston M. E., Chaffin R., Herrmann D. (1987) A taxonomy of part-whole relations. Cognitive Science 11: 417–444CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Web References

  1. International Picture Naming Project. http://crl.ucsd.edu/~aszekely/ipnp/1stimuli.html. 18/01/2010.
  2. Melinger, A., & Weber, A. (2006). Database of noun associations for German. http://www.coli.uni-saarland.de/projects/nag/. 07/03/2011.
  3. Neurobehavioral Systems. http://www.neurobs.com/. 18/01/2010.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juliane Muehlhaus
    • 1
    • 3
  • Stefan Heim
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 5
  • Olga Sachs
    • 4
  • Frank Schneider
    • 1
    • 3
  • Ute Habel
    • 1
    • 3
  • Katharina Sass
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, Medical SchoolRWTH Aachen UniversityAachenGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Neurosciences and Medicine (INM-1)Research Centre JülichJülichGermany
  3. 3.JARA, Translational Brain MedicineAachenGermany
  4. 4.Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems CSECambridgeUSA
  5. 5.Section Neurological Cognition Research, Department of Neurology, Medical SchoolRWTH Aachen UniversityAachenGermany

Personalised recommendations