Advertisement

Authoritative Parenting Behaviors and Marijuana Use Based on Age Among a National Sample of Hispanic Adolescents

Abstract

Although numerous prevention efforts have been implemented, marijuana remains the most commonly used illicit substance among Hispanic adolescents nationwide. We sought to determine the influence authoritative parenting behaviors have on lifetime, past year, and past month marijuana use among Hispanic adolescents overall, and then based on age (i.e., 12–13, 14–15, and 16–17 years). We conducted a secondary analysis of the 2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (N = 3457). We performed a series of logistic regression analyses. Nearly one-fifth (19.5%) of Hispanic participants reported lifetime marijuana use, 14.5% reported past year use, and 7.5% reported past month use. Results indicated that Hispanic adolescents who are at significantly increased risk for reporting lifetime, past year, and past month marijuana use, were those who reported that their parents seldom or never performed the following behaviors: (1) checked if their homework was done, (2) helped them with their homework, (3) limited the amount of TV they watched, (4) told them they did a good job, and (5) told them they were proud of them. There were no relationships between adolescents’ lifetime, past year, or past month marijuana use and whether their parents made their youth do chores or limited their time out on a school night. Regarding age, while results indicated that most authoritative parenting behaviors have a significant effect against marijuana use, the protective effect diminished with age, with the exception of the relationship between adolescents’ past month marijuana use and whether their parents checked to see if their homework was done. Substance use prevention programs for this population should start in early adolescence and involve and educate parents on adopting authoritative parenting behaviors.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Access options

Buy single article

Instant unlimited access to the full article PDF.

US$ 39.95

Price includes VAT for USA

Subscribe to journal

Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.

US$ 99

This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.

References

  1. Ackard, D. M., Neumark-Sztainer, D., Story, M., & Perry, C. (2006). Parent–child connectedness and behavioral and emotional health among adolescents. American Journal of Preventive Medicine,30(1), 59–66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2005.09.013.

  2. American Lung Association. (2016). Marijuana and lung health. Date retrieved October 1, 2016. Retrieved from http://www.lung.org/stop-smoking/smoking-facts/marijuana-and-lung-health.html.

  3. Asbridge, M., Hayden, J. A., & Cartwright, J. L. (2012). Acute cannabis consumption and motor vehicle collision risk: Systematic review of observational studies and meta-analysis. British Medical Journal,344, e536. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.e536.

  4. Baumrind, D. (1978). Parental disciplinary patterns and social competence in children. Youth and Society,9(3), 239–267. https://doi.org/10.1177/0044118X7800900302.

  5. Brand, S., Hatzinger, M., Beck, J., & Holsboer-Trachsler, E. (2009). Perceived parenting styles, personality traits and sleep patterns in adolescents. Journal of Adolescence,32(5), 1189–1207. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2009.01.010.

  6. Brook, J. S., Adams, R., Balka, E., & Johnson, E. (2002). Early adolescent marijuana use: Risks for the transition to young adulthood. Psychological Medicine,32(01), 79–91. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033291701004809.

  7. Calafat, A., García, F., Juan, M., Becoña, E., & Fernández-Hermida, J. R. (2014). Which parenting style is more protective against adolescent substance use? Evidence within the European context. Drug and Alcohol Dependence,138, 185–192. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2014.02.705.

  8. Cardona, P. G., Nicholson, B. C., & Fox, R. A. (2000). Parenting among Hispanic and Anglo-American mothers with young children. The Journal of Social Psychology,140(3), 357–365. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224540009600476.

  9. Castro, F. G., Brook, J. S., Brook, D. W., & Rubenstone, E. (2006). Paternal, perceived maternal, and youth risk factors as predictors of youth stage of substance use. Journal of Addictive Diseases,25(2), 65–75. https://doi.org/10.1300/J069v25n02_10.

  10. Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. (2017). 2016 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Detailed tables. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services.

  11. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018). Youth risk behavior surveillance system—United States, 2017. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report,67(8), 1–114.

  12. Chromy, J. R., Feder, M., Gfoerer, J., Hirsch, E., Kennet, J., Morton, K. B., … Yu, F. (2010). Reliability of key measures in the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (HHS Publication No. SMA 09-4425, Methodology Series M-8 ed.). Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies.

  13. Crano, W. D., Siegel, J. T., Alvaro, E. M., Lac, A., & Hemovich, V. (2008). The at-risk adolescent marijuana nonuser: Expanding the standard distinction. Prevention Science,9(2), 129–137. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11121-008-0090-0.

  14. DeGoede, I. H. A., Branje, S. J., & Meeus, W. H. J. (2009). Developmental changes in adolescents’ perceptions of relationships with their parents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence,38(1), 75–88. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-008-9286-7.

  15. Fendrich, M., Johnson, T. P., Sudman, S., Wislar, J. S., & Spiehler, V. (1999). Validity of drug use reporting in a high-risk community sample: A comparison of cocaine and heroin survey reports with hair tests. American Journal of Epidemiology,149(10), 955–962. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a009740.

  16. Fergusson, D. M., Horwood, L. J., & Swain-Campbell, N. (2002). Cannabis use and psychosocial adjustment in adolescence and young adulthood. Addiction,97(9), 1123–1135. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1360-0443.2002.00103.x.

  17. Gfroerer, J., Eyerman, J., & Chromy, J. (2002). Redesigning an ongoing national household survey: Methodological issues (HHS Publication No. SMA 03-3768 ed.). Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies.

  18. Khalsa, J. H., Genser, S., Francis, H., & Martin, B. (2002). Clinical consequences of marijuana. The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology,42(S1), 7S–10S. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1552-4604.2002.tb05997.x.

  19. King, K. A., Vidourek, R. A., & Merianos, A. L. (2015a). Parent protective factors for Hispanic youth’s engagement in risky behaviors: Lessons learned from evidence-based research. In N. V. Roman (Ed.), Parenting: Behaviors, cultural influences and impact on childhood health and wellbeing (pp. 55–69). New York, NY: NOVA Science Publishers Inc.

  20. King, K. A., Vidourek, R. A., & Merianos, A. L. (2015b). The association between parenting behaviours and marijuana use based on adolescent age. Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy,22(4), 334–343. https://doi.org/10.3109/09687637.2015.1025703.

  21. King, K. A., Vidourek, R. A., Merianos, A. L., & Bartsch, L. A. (2015c). The impact parenting behaviors have on recent alcohol use and binge drinking among adolescents based on age. Vulnerable Child and Youth Studies,10(4), 300–313. https://doi.org/10.1080/17450128.2015.1103390.

  22. King, K. A., Vidourek, R. A., Merianos, A. L., & Bartsch, L. A. (2015d). Predictors of recent marijuana use and past year marijuana use among a national sample of Hispanic youth. Substance Use and Misuse,50(11), 1395–1405. https://doi.org/10.3109/10826084.2015.1013136.

  23. Latendresse, S. J., Rose, R. J., Viken, R. J., Pulkkinen, L., Kaprio, J., & Dick, D. M. (2008). Parenting mechanisms in links between parents’ and adolescents’ alcohol use behaviors. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research,32(2), 322–330. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1530-0277.2007.00583.x.

  24. Lundqvist, T. (2005). Cognitive consequences of cannabis use: Comparison with abuse of stimulants and heroin with regard to attention, memory and executive functions. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior,81(2), 319–330. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pbb.2005.02.017.

  25. Maccoby, E. E., & Martin, J. A. (1983). Socialization in the context of family: Parent-child interaction. In P. Mussen (Ed.), Handbook of child psychology (4th ed.). New York: Wiley.

  26. Mayberry, M. L., Espelage, D. L., & Koenig, B. (2009). Multilevel modeling of direct effects and interactions of peers, parents, school, and community influences on adolescent substance use. Journal of Youth and Adolescence,38(8), 1038–1049.

  27. Meier, M. H., Moffitt, T. E., Caspi, A., Ambler, A., Harrington, H., Houts, R., et al. (2012). Persistent cannabis users show neuropsychological decline from childhood to midlife. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America,109(40), E2657–E2664. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1206820109.

  28. Merianos, A. L., King, K. A., Vidourek, R. A., & Nabors, L. A. (2014). Recent alcohol use and binge drinking based on authoritative parenting among hispanic youth nationwide. Journal of Child and Family Studies,24(7), 1966–1976. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-014-9996-2.

  29. National Conference of State Legislatures. (2018). State medical marijuana laws. Date retrieved November 01, 2019. Retrieved from http://www.ncsl.org/research/health/state-medical-marijuana-laws.aspx.

  30. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. (2013). Underage drinking. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Date retrieved October 1, 2016. Retrieved from: https://www.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/brochures-and-fact-sheets/underage-drinking.

  31. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2015). Research report series: Marijuana. National Institutes of Health, Publication No. 15-3859. Date retrieved October 1, 2016. Retrieved from: https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/marijuana/letter-director.

  32. Owen, K. P., Sutter, M. E., & Albertson, T. E. (2014). Marijuana: Respiratory tract effects. Clinical Reviews in Allergy and Immunology,46(1), 65–81. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12016-013-8374-y.

  33. Plancherel, B., Bolognini, M., Stéphan, P., Laget, J., Chinet, L., Bernard, M., et al. (2005). Adolescents’ beliefs about marijuana use: A comparison of regular users, past users and never/occasional users. Journal of Drug Education,35(2), 131–146. https://doi.org/10.2190/DMDW-X35X-P6AV-6F4L.

  34. Roche, K. M., Ahmed, S., & Blum, R. W. (2008). Enduring consequences of parenting for risk behaviors from adolescence into early adulthood. Social Science and Medicine,66(9), 2023–2034. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2008.01.009.

  35. Sartaj, B., & Aslam, N. (2010). Role of authoritative and authoritarian parenting in home, health and emotional adjustment. Journal of Behavioural Sciences,20(1), 47–66.

  36. Smith, D. C. (2008). Parenting style and adolescent clinical severity: Findings from two substance abuse treatment studies. Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions,8(4), 440–463. https://doi.org/10.1080/15332560802341073.

  37. Smith, M. L., Chiappone, A. L., & Wilson, K. (2017). Parenting and child rearing attitudes of unmarried Hispanic teenage mothers. Journal of Child and Family Studies,26(2), 643–651. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-016-0582-7.

  38. Spoth, R. L., Randall, G. K., Trudeau, L., Shin, C., & Redmond, C. (2008). Substance use outcomes 5½ years past baseline for partnership-based, family-school preventive interventions. Drug and Alcohol Dependence,96(1), 57–68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2008.01.023.

  39. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. ([SAMHSA]. (2013). Substance abuse and Mental Health Services Administration National Survey on Drug Use and Health methodological resource book. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

  40. Wolfradt, U., Hempel, S., & Miles, J. N. (2003). Perceived parenting styles, depersonalisation, anxiety and coping behaviour in adolescents. Personality and Individual Differences,34(3), 521–532. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(02)00092-2.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Ashley L. Merianos.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Merianos, A.L., King, K.A., Vidourek, R.A. et al. Authoritative Parenting Behaviors and Marijuana Use Based on Age Among a National Sample of Hispanic Adolescents. J Primary Prevent 41, 51–69 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10935-019-00576-x

Download citation

Keywords

  • Marijuana use
  • Hispanic
  • Adolescence
  • Parenting behaviors