The Journal of Primary Prevention

, Volume 30, Issue 3–4, pp 395–419

Family Mediators of Acculturation and Adolescent Sexual Behavior Among Latino Youth

  • Vincent Guilamo-Ramos
  • Alida Bouris
  • James Jaccard
  • Catherine A. Lesesne
  • Bernardo Gonzalez
  • Kosta Kalogerogiannis
Original Paper

Abstract

The present study develops and evaluates a theoretical framework of mediators of the relationship between acculturation and adolescent sexual behavior. Four hundred Latino mother–adolescent dyads from the Bronx, New York were interviewed. The study explored the relationship between intentions to have sexual intercourse and explanatory variables such as adolescent romantic relationship status and partner preferences, maternal approval of dating, adolescent perceptions of maternal approval of dating, and maternal and adolescent levels of familismo and acculturation. Findings revealed complex dynamics between acculturation and adolescent sexual behavior. Protective and risk-inducing associations were observed, with important gender differences operating for boys and girls. Implications for the development of applied prevention programs are discussed.

Keywords

Acculturation Adolescent sexual behavior Familismo Parent–child relationships Latino youth 

References

  1. Abma, J. C., Martinez, G. M., Mosher, W. D., & Dawson, B. S. (2004). Teenagers in the United States: Sexual activity, contraceptive use, and childbearing, 2002. Vital Health Statistics, 23, 1–87.Google Scholar
  2. Abraido-Lanza, A., Armbrister, A. N., Flórez, K. R., & Aguirre, A. N. (2006). Toward a theory-driven model of acculturation in public health research. American Journal of Public Health, 96, 1342–1346. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2005.064980.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Afable-Munsuz, A., & Brindis, C. D. (2006). Acculturation and the sexual and reproductive health of Latino youth in the United States: A literature review. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 38, 208–219. doi:10.1363/3820806.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Arcia, E., Reyes-Blanes, M., & Vazquez-Montilla, E. (2000). Constructions and reconstructions: Latino parents’ values for children. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 9, 333–350. doi:10.1023/A:1026444507343.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Barona, A., & Miller, J. A. (1994). Short Acculturation Scale for Hispanic Youth (SASH-Y): A preliminary report. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 16, 427–454. doi:10.1177/07399863940162005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bearman, P. S., Jones, J., & Udry, J. R. (1997). The national longitudinal study of adolescent health: Research design. Chapel Hill, NC: Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.Google Scholar
  7. Benavides, R., Bonazzo, C., & Torres, R. (2006). Parent-child communication: A model for Hispanics and HIV prevention. Journal of Community Health Nursing, 23, 81–94. doi:10.1207/s15327655jchn2302_2.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Blum, R. W., Beuhring, T., & Rinehart, P. M. (2000). Protecting teens: Beyond race, income and family structure. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Center for Adolescent Health.Google Scholar
  9. Buhi, E. R., & Goodson, P. (2007). Predictors of adolescent sexual behavior and intention: A theory-guided systematic review. Journal of Adolescent Health, 40, 4–21. doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2006.09.027.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cabassa, L. J. (2003). Measuring acculturation: Where we are and where we need to go. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 25, 127–146. doi:10.1177/0739986303025002001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cavanagh, S. E. (2004). The sexual debut of girls in early adolescence: The intersection of race, pubertal timing, and friendship group characteristics. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 14, 285–312. doi:10.1111/j.1532-7795.2004.00076.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2004). Tracking the hidden epidemics 2000: Trends in STIs in the United States. Retrieved February 14, 2008, from http://www.cdc.gov/nchstp/dstd/Stats_Trends/Trends2000.pdf.
  13. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2008). Youth risk behavior surveillance survey: United States, 2007. Retrieved July 22, 2008, from http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/yrbss/.
  14. Clark, L., & Hofsess, L. (1998). Acculturation. In S. Loue (Ed.), Handbook of immigrant health (pp. 37–59). New York: Plenum.Google Scholar
  15. Contreras, J. M., Mangelsdorf, S. C., Rhodes, J. E., Diener, M. L., & Brunson, L. (1999). Parent-child interaction among Latina adolescent mothers: The role of family and social support. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 9, 417–439. doi:10.1207/s15327795jra0904_3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Costigan, C., & Cox, M. (2001). Fathers’ participation in family research: Is there a self-selection bias? Journal of Family Psychology, 15, 706–720. doi:10.1037/0893-3200.15.4.706.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. DiIorio, C., Kelley, M., & Hockenberry-Eaton, M. (1999). Communication about sexual issues: Mothers, fathers, and friends. Journal of Adolescent Health, 24, 181–189. doi:10.1016/S1054-139X(98)00115-3.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ebin, V., Sneed, C., Morisky, D., Rotheram Borus, M. J., Magnusson, A., & Malotte, C. (2001). Acculturation and interrelationships between problem and health-promoting behaviors among Latino adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 28, 62–72. doi:10.1016/S1054-139X(00)00162-2.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Flores, E., Eyre, S. L., & Millstein, S. G. (1998). Sociocultural beliefs related to sex among Mexican American adolescents. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 20, 60–80. doi:10.1177/07399863980201004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Flores, E., Tschann, J. M., & Van Oss Marín, B. (2002). Latina adolescents: Predicting intentions to have sex. Adolescence, 37, 659–679.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Ford, K., & Norris, A. (1993). Urban Hispanic adolescents and young adults: Relationship of acculturation to sexual behavior. Journal of Sex Research, 30, 316–323.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Guilamo-Ramos, V., Dittus, P., Jaccard, J., Johansson, M., Bouris, A., & Acosta, N. (2007a). Parenting practices among Dominican and Puerto Rican mothers. Social Work, 52, 17–30.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Guilamo-Ramos, V., Jaccard, J., Dittus, P., & Bouris, A. (2006). Parental expertise, trustworthiness, and accessibility: Parent-adolescent communication and adolescent risk behavior. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 68, 1229–1246. doi:10.1111/j.1741-3737.2006.00325.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Guilamo-Ramos, V., Jaccard, J., Dittus, P., Bouris, A., Holloway, I., & Casillas, E. (2007b). Adolescent expectancies, parent-adolescent communication, and intentions to have sexual intercourse among inner city, middle school youth. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 34, 56–66. doi:10.1007/BF02879921.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Guilamo-Ramos, V., Jaccard, J., Pena, J., & Goldberg, V. (2005). Acculturation-related variables, sexual initiation and subsequent sexual behavior among Puerto Rican, Mexican and Cuban youth. Health Psychology, 24, 88–95. doi:10.1037/0278-6133.24.1.88.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hamilton, B. E., Martin, J. A., & Ventura, S. J. (2007). Births: Preliminary data for 2006. National Vital Statistics Reports, 56, 1–18.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Henderson, M., & Furnham, A. (1982). Similarity and attraction: The relationship between personality, belief, skills, needs and friendship choice. Journal of Adolescence, 5, 111–123. doi:10.1016/S0140-1971(82)80040-7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hovell, M., Sipan, C., Blumberg, E., Atkins, C., Hofstetter, C. R., & Kreitner, S. (1994). Family influences on Latino and Anglo adolescents’ sexual behavior. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 56, 973–986. doi:10.2307/353607.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Hutchinson, M. K. (2002). The influence of sexual risk communication between parents and daughters on sexual risk behaviors. Family Relations, 51, 238–247. doi:10.1111/j.1741-3729.2002.00238.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Jaccard, J., & Dittus, P. (2000). Adolescent perceptions of maternal approval of birth control and sexual risk behavior. American Journal of Public Health, 90, 1426–1430. doi:10.2105/AJPH.90.9.1426.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Jaccard, J., Dittus, P., & Gordon, V. V. (1996). Maternal correlates of adolescent sexual and contraceptive behavior. Family Planning Perspectives, 28, 159–165, 185. doi:10.2307/2136192.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Jaccard, J., Guilamo-Ramos, V., Johansson, M., & Bouris, A. (2006). Multiple regression analyses in clinical child and adolescent psychology. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 35, 456–479. doi:10.1207/s15374424jccp3503_11.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Jimenez, J., Potts, M. K., & Jimenez, D. (2002). Reproductive attitudes and behavior among Latina adolescents. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Diversity in Social Work, 11, 221–249. doi:10.1300/J051v11n03_04.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Kaplan, C. P., Erickson, P. I., & Juarez-Reyes, M. (2002). Acculturation, gender role orientation, and reproductive risk-taking behavior among Latina adolescent family planning clients. Journal of Adolescent Research, 17, 103–121. doi:10.1177/0743558402172001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. King, G., Honaker, J., Joseph, A., & Scheve, K. (2001). Analyzing incomplete political science data. American Political Science Review, 95, 49–69.Google Scholar
  36. Kirby, D. (2007). Emerging answers 2007: Research findings on programs to reduce teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. Washington, DC: National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unintended Pregnancy.Google Scholar
  37. Lugo Steidel, A. G., & Contreras, J. M. (2003). A new familism scale for use with Latino populations. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 25, 312–330. doi:10.1177/0739986303256912.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. MacKinnon, D. P., Lockwood, C., Hoffman, J., West, S., & Sheets, V. (2002). A comparison of methods to test mediation and other intervening variable effects. Psychol Methods, 7, 83–104. doi:10.1037/1082-989X.7.1.83.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Marín, G., Sabogal, F., Van Oss Marín, B., Otero-Sabogal, R., & Pérez-Stable, E. J. (1987). Development of a short acculturation scale for Hispanics. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 9, 183–205. doi:10.1177/07399863870092005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Marín, G., & Van Oss Marín, B. (1991). Research with Hispanic populations. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  41. Marsh, H. W., Wen, Z., & Hau, K. (2004). Structural equation models of latent interactions: Evaluation of alternative estimation strategies and indicator construction. Psychol Methods, 9, 275–300. doi:10.1037/1082-989X.9.3.275.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. McNeely, C., Shew, M. L., Beuhring, T., Sieving, R., Miller, B. C., & Blum, R. W. (2002). Mothers’ influence on the timing of first sex among 14- and 15-year-olds. Journal of Adolescent Health, 31, 256–265. doi:10.1016/S1054-139X(02)00350-6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Miller, K. S., Forehand, R., & Kotchick, B. (1999). Adolescent sexual behavior in two ethnic minority samples: The role of family variables. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 61, 85–98. doi:10.2307/353885.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Muthén, B. O., & Muthén, L. (2001). MPlus user’s guide (Version 2) [Computer software]. Los Angeles: Muthén & Muthén.Google Scholar
  45. New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. (2006). Bronx health profile. Retrieved February 8, 2008, from http://www.nyc.gov/html/doh/html/data/data.shtml.
  46. Norris, A. E., & Ford, K. (1994). Condom beliefs in urban, low income, African American and Hispanic youth. Health Education Quarterly, 21, 39–53.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. Raffaelli, M., & Suárez-al-Adam, M. (1998). Reconsidering the HIV/AIDS prevention needs of Latino women in the United States. In N. L. Roth & L. K. Fuller (Eds.), Women and AIDS: Negotiating safer practices, care and representation (pp. 93–111). New York: Haworth Press.Google Scholar
  48. Raffaelli, M., Zamboanga, B. L., & Carlo, G. (2005). Acculturation status and sexuality among female Cuban American college students. Journal of American College Health, 54, 7–13. doi:10.3200/JACH.54.1.7-13.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. United States Census Bureau. (2006). Bronx borough census data. Retrieved February 14, 2008, from http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/36/3651001.html.
  50. Van Oss Marín, B., Coyle, K. K., Gómez, C. A., Carvajal, S. C., & Kirby, D. B. (2000). Older boyfriends and girlfriends increase risk of sexual initiation in young adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 27, 409–418. doi:10.1016/S1054-139X(00)00097-5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vincent Guilamo-Ramos
    • 1
  • Alida Bouris
    • 2
  • James Jaccard
    • 3
  • Catherine A. Lesesne
    • 4
  • Bernardo Gonzalez
    • 1
  • Kosta Kalogerogiannis
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Social WorkColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.School of Social Service AdministrationUniversity of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyFlorida International UniversityMiamiUSA
  4. 4.Centers for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA

Personalised recommendations