The Journal of Primary Prevention

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 57–71 | Cite as

Theory of Planned Behavior and Multivitamin Supplement Use in Caucasian College Females

  • Roman PawlakEmail author
  • Denise Brown
  • Mary Kay Meyer
  • Carol Connell
  • Kathleen Yadrick
  • J. T. Johnson
  • Ann Blackwell
Original Paper


The objective of this study was to identify predictors of the use of multivitamin supplements (MVS) among Caucasian college females utilizing the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). Variables of the TPB and the self-reported use of multivitamin supplements were measured by two separate surveys within 1 week with a convenience sample of 96 Caucasian college student females. Two attitudinal beliefs and one control belief significantly predicted behavioral intention to use multivitamin. A belief that taking multivitamin supplements helps to feel and look good was the most important predictor of the use of multivitamin supplements. Editors’ Strategic Implications: Findings from this study, although in need of replication, suggest that prevention campaigns would be more successful if messages used to reach these females were consistent with perceived beliefs regarding benefits of using MVS. More broadly, TPB appears to offer a useful framework for understanding or predicting behavior based on psychological constructs theorized to influence behavior.


Folic Acid Subjective Norm Behavioral Intention Behavioral Control Control Belief 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roman Pawlak
    • 1
    Email author
  • Denise Brown
    • 2
  • Mary Kay Meyer
    • 2
  • Carol Connell
    • 2
  • Kathleen Yadrick
    • 2
  • J. T. Johnson
    • 2
  • Ann Blackwell
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Nutrition and DieteticsEast Carolina UniversityGreenvilleUSA
  2. 2.University of Southern MississippiHattiesburgUSA

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