Implementing Community-Based Prevention Programming: A Review of the Literature
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In this review of literature we identify consensually validated conclusions and recommendations for implementing community based prevention programming. The general recommendations identified from the literature are as follows: (1) a community must be ready for a prevention program, (2) effective community coalitions must be developed, (3) programming must fit the community, (4) program fidelity should be maintained, and (5) adequate resources, training, technical assistance, and attention to evaluation are necessary. The existing research and expert opinion in the field of prevention science indicate that when these crucial recommendations are incorporated into community prevention practice, the effectiveness of prevention efforts is optimized.
KEY WORDScommunity prevention program implementation effective prevention strategies
This material is based upon work supported by the Cooperative State Research, Education and Extension Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture and the United States Air Force under Agreement Number 2004-48353-03054. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture or the U.S. Air Force.
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