Study on the preparation of ordered mesoporous carbon-based catalyst from waste microalgal biomass for the synthesis of biokerosene
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Investigation on preparation of novel ordered mesoporous carbon-based catalyst (MCC catalyst) containing super-acid sites from waste microalgal biomass was established. The waste microalgal biomass was partially carbonized at 400 °C for 2 h obtaining biochar; then the obtained biochar was introduced to a sulfonation process using concentrated sulfuric acid. The sulfonation was established at 150 °C for 15 h producing sulfonated biochar. The MCC catalyst was prepared through condensation–evaporation method in an alkaline media containing cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) as structure directing agent. The parameters of the condensation including time of evaporating and CTAB content were investigated while fixing temperature at 90 °C during the process. A special hydrothermal treatment was also applied to the preparation of the MCC catalyst in order to expand its mesopores for more convenient with large molecule diffusion. The catalyst activity was well demonstrated by converting linseed oil to biokerosene which could be used as biokerosene—component for blending with aviation fuels. The MCC catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, energy dispersive X-ray, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, nitrogen adsorption–desorption method and ammonia-temperature programmed desorption techniques. The biokerosene composition was determined by gas chromatography–mass spectroscopy method.