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Journal of Porous Materials

, Volume 25, Issue 5, pp 1407–1416 | Cite as

Pore-size-tunable nitrogen-doped polymeric frameworks for high performance sodium ion storage and supercapacitors

  • Jun Zhao
  • Ping Liu
  • Yuezeng Su
  • Dongqing Wu
  • Fan Zhang
Article
  • 401 Downloads

Abstract

Sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) is considered as a promising alternative to lithium-ion batteries. Supercapacitors (SCs) are receiving great attention for their significantly higher power density than batteries and prolonged cycle life. Herein, SIBs and SCs based on N-doped amorphous multi-size pores dominated polymeric frameworks were fabricated and examined. The enlarged interlayer spacing and multi-size-pore dominated interconnected architecture with high specific surface area, high pore volume and high N content optimize the electrochemical performance of N-PPF-20. As an anode material, N-PPF-20 exhibited a sodium ion storage capacity of 432.2 mAh g−1 at a current density of 0.05 A g−1, while maintaining a reversible capacity of 61.1 mAh g−1 at an ultrahigh current density of 20 A g−1. Additionally, a specific capacity of 158.3 mAh g−1 at 1 A g−1 was obtained after 1000 cycles, indicating an excellent cycling stability. When tested as an electrode material for SCs, N-PPF-20 delivered a high specific capacitance of 438.7 F g−1 at 0.1 A g−1, and a specific capacitance of 111.2 F g−1 was achieved even at a high current density of 10 A g−1. Meanwhile, a long-term cycling life test demonstrated a specific capacitance of 120 F g−1 at an ultrahigh current density of 10 A g−1 after 10,000 cycles.

Keywords

Pore-size-tunable Polymeric frameworks Sodium ion storage Supercapacitors 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Financial support from National Natural Science Foundation of China (51403126, 61306018), the Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipal (16JC1400703) are gratefully acknowledged. Lots of thank to the Instrumental Analysis Centre of Shanghai Jiao Tong University for the characterization of materials.

Supplementary material

10934_2017_553_MOESM1_ESM.docx (38.8 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 39741 KB)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Aeronautics and AstronauticsShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.School of Electronic Information and Electrical EngineeringShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China

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