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Journal of Porous Materials

, Volume 25, Issue 4, pp 989–997 | Cite as

Preparation of micro-porous monolithic activated carbon from anthracite coal using coal tar pitch as binder

  • Bin Tian
  • Pengfei Li
  • Dawei Li
  • Yingyun Qiao
  • Deping Xu
  • Yuanyu Tian
Article

Abstract

Monolithic activated carbon (MAC) has been produced from steam activation of monoliths prepared by mixing coal powders with high-temperature coal tar binder for a long time. However, this process leads to poor working conditions, environmental pollution, and waste of resource. This study investigated the use of coal tar pitch as binder to prepare MAC with high surface area, micro-pore structures, and strong mechanical strength. The performances of the MACs with both coal tar and coal tar pitch as binders were compared. The product yield of MAC bonded with coal tar pitch (MACp) was 10% higher than that with coal tar (MACT). The BET surface area, micropore volume, and average pore diameter of MACP were 837.99 m2 g−1, 0.346 m3 g−1, and 1.776 nm, respectively, which were all superior to the corresponding values of MACT. Only the attrition resistance strength of MACP was slightly lower than that of the MACT. The SEM images showed that the cokes on the surface of both MACs distributed identically and uniformly. Furthermore, XRD results revealed that the pore-expanding reactions mainly led to the reduction of carbon crystallite along with the stacking direction rather than horizontal direction during steam activation process. This work demonstrates that cost-effective MAC can be prepared with the coal tar pitch as binder and the results of the investigation presented in this work provide new and important information necessary to the successful application of MACs in industrial field.

Keywords

Monolithic activated carbon Coal tar Coal tar pitch Extrusion Adsorption 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 21576293 and 21576294).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Heavy Oil ProcessingChina University of PetroleumQingdaoChina
  2. 2.Lanzhou LS Energy Equipment Engineering Institute Co., Ltd.LanzhouChina
  3. 3.School of Chemical and Environmental EngineeringChina University of Mining and TechnologyBeijingChina

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