Journal of Porous Materials

, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 643–648 | Cite as

Effect of porous properties on self-cooling of fired clay plate by evaporation of absorbed water

  • Hiroaki Katsuki
  • Eun-Kyoung Choi
  • Won-Jun Lee
  • Kwang-Taek Hwang
  • Woo-Seok Cho
  • Sridhar Komarneni


Porous ceramic plates were prepared from clay and wood charcoal powder at 900 and 1100 °C and their porous properties, water absorption and the cooling effect of porous plates were investigated to produce eco-friendly porous ceramics for cooling by the evaporation of absorbed water. Porous properties were dependent on the firing temperature, and total pore volume, average pore size and porosity, which were 0.38–0.39 cm3/g, 0.15–0.17 μm and 49–50%, respectively at 900 °C and 0.31–0.33 cm3/g, 2.47–2.59 μm and 43–44%, respectively at 1100 °C. By the addition of wood charcoal powder, the cooling rate of porous plate fired at 1100 °C was 1.7 times faster than that of the plate fired at 900 °C and the cooling temperature difference (∆T) was around 2.3 °C at 22.5 °C and 52–54% of relative humidity and around 3.2 °C at 29 °C and 77–80% of relative humidity. The porous ceramic plates developed here are potential materials for cooling buildings.


Raw material Porous ceramic plate Water absorption Evaporative cooling Self-cooling 



The authors would like to thank Korea Institute of Ceramics & Engineering Technology for supporting this work. This research was supported by Ceramicware Center of Korea Institute of Ceramic Engineering & Technology under Grant No. 17-BUS010025000 (Establishment of New Value Ceramicware Industry Base).


  1. 1.
    T. Sugiyama, K. Kusumoto, M. Ohashi, A. Kamiya, Key Eng. Mater. 690, 150–1558 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    T. Kato, K. Ohsashi, M. Fuji, M. Takahashi, J. Ceramic Soc. Japan, 116(2), 212–215 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. Hoyano, J. He, S. Ogawa, J. Ando, S. Yamamura, H. Akagawa, K. Nakajima, K. Okada, T. Kurata, J. Environ. Eng. AIJ, 74, 641, 775–782(2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    H.T.M. Thu, H. Sato, Int. J. Refrig. 36, 1589–1595 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    H.T.M. Thu, H. Sato, Int. J. Refrig. 36, 1596–1601 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    V.O. Aimiuwa, Energy Conversat. Manag. 33(1), 69–74 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    J. He, A. Hoyano, Build. Environ. 45, 461–472 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    E. Anyanwu, Energy Conversat. Manag. 45, 2187–2195 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. Riffat, J. Zhu, Appl. Therm. Eng. 24, 457–470 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    S. Riffat, J. Zhu, J. Eng. Res., 1, 46–52 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    W. Chen, S. Liu, J. Lin, Energy Build. 86, 541–549 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    E. Velasco Gomez, F. Rey Martinez, F. Varela Diez, M. Molina Leyva, R. Herrero Martin, Int. J. Refrig. 28(5), 654–662 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. Mittal, T. Kataria, G.K. Das, S. Chatterjee, Int. J. Green Energy, 3(4), 347–368 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    H.T.M. Thu, A study on an eco-friendly and high-performance cooling system using evapo-transpiration. Thesis for the Degree of Ph.D. in Engineering, p. 18 (2014)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    H. Katsuki, J. Kim, S.J. Kim, J.Y. Kim, J.H. Pee, W.S. Cho, J. Ceram. Soc. Japan 124(8), 833–837 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiroaki Katsuki
    • 1
  • Eun-Kyoung Choi
    • 1
  • Won-Jun Lee
    • 1
  • Kwang-Taek Hwang
    • 1
  • Woo-Seok Cho
    • 1
  • Sridhar Komarneni
    • 2
  1. 1.Korea Institute of Ceramic Engineering & Technology (KICET)Icheon-siRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Ecosystem Science and Management, Materials Research Institute, 204 Materials Research LaboratoryThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

Personalised recommendations