Journal of Porous Materials

, Volume 17, Issue 6, pp 747–753 | Cite as

Zn2+-exchange kinetics and antimicrobial properties of synthetic zirconium umbite (K2ZrSi3O9·H2O)

  • Nichola J. Coleman
  • Samantha P. Lewis
  • Andrew P. Mendham
  • Vivek Trivedi
Article

Abstract

Zirconium umbite, K2ZrSi3O9·H2O, is a microporous framework ion exchanger whose potential as a carrier for Zn2+ ions in antimicrobial formulations has not yet been investigated. Accordingly, batch Zn2+-exchange kinetics of synthetic zirconium umbite (K-UM) and the subsequent antimicrobial action of the zinc-bearing phase (Zn-UM) against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli are reported. Nonstoicheiometric over-exchange of Zn2+ for K+ was observed and attributed to hydrolysis and complexation reactions of Zn2+ within the umbite framework. The exchange process, which was described by a simple pseudo-first-order model (k1 = 2.69 × 10−4 min−1, R2 = 0.992), did not achieve equilibrium within 120 h at 25 °C, by which time the uptake of zinc was found to be 1.04 mmol g−1. The minimal bactericidal concentrations of Zn-UM for E. coli and S. aureus were found to be >10 g cm3 and <1.0 g cm3, respectively.

Keywords

Framework zirconium silicate Umbite Ion-exchange Pseudo-first-order kinetics Zinc Antimicrobial 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nichola J. Coleman
    • 1
  • Samantha P. Lewis
    • 1
  • Andrew P. Mendham
    • 1
  • Vivek Trivedi
    • 1
  1. 1.School of ScienceUniversity of GreenwichChatham MaritimeUK

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