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A Great Basin lake-level response to 38–34 ka Dansgaard–Oeschger oscillations

  • Eric J. Heaton
  • Greg Thompson
  • Dawn A. Fetzer
  • Robert M. Negrini
  • Peter E. Wigand
  • Manuel R. Palacios-Fest
  • Roy Lafever
  • Anna L. Jacobsen
  • Citlali Trigos
Original paper

Abstract

Paleontological, geochemical, and geophysical data from pluvial Lake Chewaucan, Oregon, northwestern Great Basin provide a high-resolution paleoclimate record spanning the interval (38–34 ka) that includes the Mono Lake paleomagnetic excursion, Dansgaard–Oeschger Interstadials #8–#6, and the end of Heinrich Event 4. New climate proxies presented here from the BB3-I core, whose chronology was established in a recent publication focusing on its paleomagnetic record, consist of sediment grain-size, Corg/N, ostracode faunal counts, lipid molecular stratigraphy, and palynology. They build on previously publised proxies from this basin based on environmental magnetism and supporting lithological features found in outcrop and core. Results from granulometry, geochemical analysis and the presence of the ostracode Cytherissa lacustris consistently demonstrate the correspondence of low lake conditions and colder water temperatures during Dansgaard–Oeschger stadials during a time interval including the low magnetic intensity feature of the Mono Lake Excursion, a paleomagnetic event found both in the lake core of this study and the composite Greenland ice core record between Interstadials #7 and #6. Pollen data also support this finding, suggesting colder and drier continental montane woodland conditions during stadials versus warmer and wetter semi-arid woodland conditions during interstadials. This is further supported with lipid molecular stratigraphy, indicating a consistent tendency toward terrestrial-sourced vegetation, reflecting increased stream discharge into deeper lakes during interstadials versus dominance of aquatic vegetation during low-discharge, low lake stadials. These results suggesting wet interstadials confirm those of earlier studies at Summer Lake and for other lake records in the Great Basin for millennial-scale climate change during MIS 3 age.

Keywords

Pleistocene Dansgaard–Oeschger Paleoclimate Great Basin Glacial 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Science Foundation Center for Research Excellence in Science and Technology (CREST) [Award #1137774] and the US Department of Education [Award #P031C80013-09].

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eric J. Heaton
    • 1
  • Greg Thompson
    • 1
  • Dawn A. Fetzer
    • 1
  • Robert M. Negrini
    • 1
  • Peter E. Wigand
    • 2
  • Manuel R. Palacios-Fest
    • 3
  • Roy Lafever
    • 4
  • Anna L. Jacobsen
    • 5
  • Citlali Trigos
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Geological SciencesCalifornia State University, BakersfieldBakersfieldUSA
  2. 2.Department of GeographyUniversity of Nevada, RenoRenoUSA
  3. 3.Terra Nostra Earth Sciences ResearchTucsonUSA
  4. 4.Department of ChemistryCalifornia State University, BakersfieldBakersfieldUSA
  5. 5.Department of BiologyCalifornia State University, BakersfieldBakersfieldUSA

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