Journal of Paleolimnology

, Volume 59, Issue 2, pp 245–261 | Cite as

Sedimentology of a topset-dominated, braided river delta of Huangqihai Lake, North China: implications for formation mechanisms

  • Xin Shan
  • Shengli Li
  • Shunli Li
  • Xinghe Yu
  • Li Wan
  • Lina Jin
  • Tianyi Wang
Original paper


Sedimentary characteristics and genesis of a sandy, topset-dominated braided river delta from Huangqihai Lake were investigated using trenching and a ground penetrating radar survey. Ten lithofacies types were identified with assistance of grain size distribution to record a broad range of depositional processes within an overall coarsening upward sequence. Four distinct architectural elements, including channel fill, compound bar, sand sheet, and river mouth bar, built up this delta. No obvious foreset can be identified in this braided river delta. A gentle slope (0.2°) and shallow basin (<10 m deep), young age (~25 years), and low sediment supply caused by human disturbance and semi-arid climate, are believed to allow this type of topset-dominated delta to form.


Topset-dominated delta Braided river delta Ground penetrating radar Sedimentary architecture Foreset 



This paper was supported by the State Scholarship Fund (Grant No. 201406400030), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant Nos. 2016M602087 and 2015M581269) and Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education (Grant No. 20120022130002). We would like to express our gratitude to this special issue editors Dr. Rosen and Dr. Starratt, who sacrificed a lot of time for our manuscripts and gave us very good suggestions and comments on our manuscript. We are grateful to Mathieu Schuster and an anonymous reviewer for their constructive reviews. Shan would like to thank Dr. Peter Clift, Dr. Amy Myrbo, Dr. Alexis Nutz, Dr. Jennifer Scott, Dr. Alan Carroll, and Dr. Michael Smith, who offered great help during the Limnogeology Meeting in Reno.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Marine Sedimentology and Environmental Geology, First Institute of OceanographyState Oceanic AdministrationQingdaoChina
  2. 2.Qingdao Institute of Marine GeologyQingdaoChina
  3. 3.School of Energy ResourcesChina University of Geosciences (Beijing)BeijingChina
  4. 4.College of GeosciencesChina University of Petroleum (Beijing)BeijingChina
  5. 5.School of Earth SciencesThe University of QueenslandSt. Lucia, BrisbaneAustralia
  6. 6.School of Exploration Technology and EngineeringHebei GEO UniversityShijiazhuangChina

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