Wind-driven waterbodies: a new category of lake within an alternative sedimentologically-based lake classification

  • A. Nutz
  • M. Schuster
  • J.-F. Ghienne
  • C. Roquin
  • F. Bouchette
Original paper

Abstract

Lakes are common natural systems for which sedimentation is considered to be relatively simple, generally dominated by fluvial processes along the margin and prevailing low-energy settling in the central, deeper parts. However, for many lakes, higher-energy wind-driven processes dominate. As such, a new category of lakes is proposed, herein referred to as wind-driven waterbodies (WWB). WWB display a sedimentation largely dominated by wave related processes and wind-induced lake-scale water circulation evidenced by the construction of beach ridges, spits or cuspate spits along their shorelines, and by sediment drifts, sedimentary shelf progradation and erosional surfaces in their deeper, offshore domains. WWB are observed worldwide, they share a common physiography that favours wind-forced hydrodynamics and related sedimentation patterns. This physiography is expressed by the IWWB index, a ratio of the maximum representative fetch relative to mean basin depth. It is proposed that an index value greater than three favours the evolution of a lake as a WWB. The WWB concept represents a new end-member in an alternative, sedimentologically-based lake classification that is proposed in this paper.

Keywords

Wind-induced hydrodynamics Beach ridges Spits Sediment drifts Lakes 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Nutz
    • 1
  • M. Schuster
    • 1
  • J.-F. Ghienne
    • 1
  • C. Roquin
    • 1
  • F. Bouchette
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut de Physique du Globe de Strasbourg, UMR 7516CNRS-Université de Strasbourg, Ecole et Observatoire des Sciences de la TerreStrasbourgFrance
  2. 2.Géoscience-MUniversité Montpellier II et CNRSMontpellier Cedex 5France

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