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Journal of Paleolimnology

, Volume 52, Issue 1–2, pp 107–119 | Cite as

Subfossil Cladocera from surface sediment in thermokarst lakes in northeastern Siberia, Russia, in relation to limnological and climatic variables

  • Larisa Frolova
  • Larisa Nazarova
  • Ludmila Pestryakova
  • Ulrike Herzschuh
Original paper

Abstract

Subfossil Cladocera were sampled and examined from the surface sediments of 35 thermokarst lakes along a temperature gradient crossing the tree line in the Anabar-river basin in northwestern Yakutia, northeastern Siberia. The lakes were distributed through three environmental zones: typical tundra, southern tundra and forest tundra. All lakes were situated within the continuous permafrost zone. Our investigation showed that the cladoceran communities in the lakes of the Anabar region are diverse and abundant, as reflected by taxonomic richness, and high diversity and evenness indices (H = 1.89 ± 0.51; I = 0.8 ± 0.18). CONISS cluster analysis indicated that the cladoceran communities in the three ecological zones (typical tundra, southern tundra and forest-tundra) differed in their taxonomic composition and structure. Differences in the cladoceran assemblages were related to limnological features and geographical position, vegetation type, climate and water chemistry. The constrained redundancy analysis indicated that TJuly, water depth and both sulphate (SO4 2−) and silica (Si4+) concentrations significantly (p ≤ 0.05) explained variance in the cladoceran assemblage. TJuly featured the highest percentage (17.4 %) of explained variance in the distribution of subfossil Cladocera. One of the most significant changes in the structure of the cladoceran communities in the investigated transect was the replacement of closely related species along the latitudinal and vegetation gradient. The results demonstrate the potential for a regional cladoceran-based temperature model for the Arctic regions of Russia, and for and Yakutia in particular.

Keywords

Cladocera Russian Arctic Temperature Water depth Palaeolimnology 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors warmly thank all participants of the summer expedition to northwest Yakutia in 2007. The authors also thank the laboratory teams of the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI) in Potsdam, especially Antje Eulenburg for general assistance during sample preparation and analysis and Thomas Böhmer for the map preparation. Larisa Frolova is especially thankful to Dr. Thomas Davidson (Aahrus University) for his help and training her in slide preparation and identification of subfossil Cladocera. The group of authors also expresses sincere gratitude to the anonymous reviewers of this article for their valuable remarks and references. This project was supported by AWI, RNF of RF and by the subsidy of the Russian Government to support the Program of Competitive Growth of KFU among World’s Leading Academic Centers.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Larisa Frolova
    • 1
  • Larisa Nazarova
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ludmila Pestryakova
    • 3
  • Ulrike Herzschuh
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Kazan Federal UniversityKazanRussia
  2. 2.Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research - Research Unit PotsdamPotsdamGermany
  3. 3.North-Eastern Federal UniversityYakutskRussia
  4. 4.University of PotsdamPotsdamGermany

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