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Journal of Paleolimnology

, Volume 44, Issue 1, pp 361–374 | Cite as

Oribatid mite assemblages across the tree-line in western Norway and their representation in lake sediments

  • Arguitxu de la Riva-CaballeroEmail author
  • H. John B. Birks
  • Anne E. Bjune
  • Hilary H. Birks
  • Torstein Solhøy
Original paper

Abstract

Little is known about the relationships between fossil oribatid mite assemblages in lake and mire sediments and the composition, abundance, and richness of their living communities. Because oribatid mites are a relatively new area of palaeolimnological study, there is a great lack of knowledge about the taphonomic processes that might affect fossil mite assemblages. The DOORMAT (Direct Observation Of Recent Macrofossils Across Tree-line) project was designed to study the transport and deposition of oribatid mites and plant remains in the tree-line area of western Norway. The present study also compares modern oribatid assemblages with fossil oribatid assemblages in a Holocene lake-sediment sequence from the nearby Trettetjørn, and considers the optimal location for studying fossil oribatid mites within a lake basin. Seven novel terrestrial traps (50 × 80 cm Astroturf doormats) were placed at major vegetational transitions along an altitudinal transect crossing the tree-line ecotone from 633 to 1,120 m a.s.l. at Upsete, west Norway. Three sediment traps were placed in Trettetjørn (810 m a.sl.) at the inlet, the middle, and near the outlet. In each terrestrial trap, the oribatid assemblage was found to be characteristic of the surrounding habitat. The lake-trap analyses showed that aquatic or moist-habitat species had the highest chance of being incorporated into the lake sediments; the number of terrestrial species decreased considerably from both outlet and inlet traps to the central trap in the deepest water. The area adjacent to the inlet of Trettetjørn would therefore be the optimal location for a sediment core for oribatid analysis. However, this conclusion is not supported when the modern trap results are compared with the Trettetjørn sequence from the lake centre.

Keywords

Acari Cryptostigmata Oribatida Humidity gradient Taphonomy Tree-line 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This is publication no. A245 from the Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research. We gratefully acknowledge funding from Bergen Myrdyrkningsfond in 2004 and from the Olaf Grolle Olsens legat til UiB med tilførsel av arv etter Miranda Bødtker in 2004 and 2005. We thank the many students and staff from University of Bergen and other universities who participated in the DOORMAT field work. We especially thank Marianne Presthus Heggen, Luis S. Subías, the reviewers, and Tom Whitmore for making many valuable comments on earlier versions of the manuscript, Øystein Lohne for helping with the map, and Cathy Jenks for invaluable help.

Supplementary material

10933_2010_9411_MOESM1_ESM.doc (106 kb)
Table ESM1 Taxa found in the DOORMAT traps with their respective abbreviations used in the PCA plots (Figs. 5, 6), their taxonomic authority, and their ecological group (DOC 106 kb)
10933_2010_9411_MOESM2_ESM.doc (36 kb)
Table ESM2 Juvenile taxa identified to at least family level (DOC 35 kb)
10933_2010_9411_MOESM3_ESM.doc (38 kb)
Table ESM3 List of species synonymised since the last publication in Norway and of taxa found for the first time in Norway (DOC 38 kb)
10933_2010_9411_MOESM4_ESM.doc (35 kb)
Table ESM4 A. Summary of the PCA results of the trap data showing the eigenvalues and cumulative percentage variance for the first four axes. Only the two-first axes are used in the discussion of the results. B. Trettetjørn and trap PCA summary, showing the eigenvalues and cumulative percentage variance for the first four axes. Only the two-first axes are used in the discussion of the results (DOC 35 kb)
10933_2010_9411_MOESM5_ESM.doc (28 kb)
Table ESM5 Percentages of the different ecological groups found in the Trettetjørn lake traps. See Figures 4 and 6 (DOC 28 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arguitxu de la Riva-Caballero
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • H. John B. Birks
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Anne E. Bjune
    • 4
  • Hilary H. Birks
    • 2
    • 4
  • Torstein Solhøy
    • 2
  1. 1.Bergen MuseumUniversity of BergenBergenNorway
  2. 2.Department of BiologyUniversity of BergenBergenNorway
  3. 3.Environmental Change Research Centre, Department of GeographyUniversity College LondonLondonUK
  4. 4.Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, c/o Department of BiologyBergenNorway

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