Advertisement

Journal of Paleolimnology

, Volume 44, Issue 2, pp 397–404 | Cite as

Diatom assemblage dynamics during abrupt climate change: the response of lacustrine diatoms to Dansgaard–Oeschger cycles during the last glacial period

  • Linda AmpelEmail author
  • Barbara Wohlfarth
  • Jan Risberg
  • Daniel Veres
  • Melanie J. Leng
  • Päivi Kaislahti Tillman
Original Paper

Abstract

The sedimentary record from the paleolake at Les Echets in eastern France allowed a reconstruction of the lacustrine response to several abrupt climate shifts during the last glacial period referred to as Dansgaard–Oeschger (DO) cycles. The high-resolution diatom stratigraphy has revealed distinct species turnover events and large fluctuations in stable oxygen isotope values in diatom frustules, as a response to DO climate variability. More or less identical species compositions became re-established during each DO stadial and interstadial phases, respectively. However, the relative abundance of the most dominant species within these assemblages varies and might indicate differences in climatic conditions. Interstadial phases are characterized by identical species successions. Transitions from stadial to interstadial conditions show a distinct FragilariaCyclotella succession, which resembles the diatom regime shifts that have been recognized in some lakes in the Northern Hemisphere since the mid-nineteenth century.

Keywords

Diatoms Oxygen Isotopes Les Echets Dansgaard–Oeschger cycles 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This article is a contribution to the Eurocores on Euroclimate project RESOLuTION. We acknowledge financial support from the Swedish Research Council. We thank Hilary Sloane (NIGL) for providing the diatom oxygen isotope analysis and Gustaf Hugelius and Christian Bigler for valuable advice and suggestions. Two anonymous reviewers provided constructive comments and suggestions on a previous version of this manuscript.

References

  1. Ampel L, Wohlfarth B, Risberg J, Veres D (2008) Paleolimnological response to millennial and centennial scale climate variability during MIS 3 and 2 as suggested by the diatom record in Les Echets, France. Quat Sci Rev 27:1493–1504. doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2008.04.014 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Battarbee RW, Jones VJ, Flower RJ, Cameron NG, Bennion H, Carvalho L, Juggins S (2001) Diatoms. In: Smol JP, Birks HJB, Last WM (eds) Tracking environmental change using lake sediments, vol 3, terrestrial, algal, and siliceous indicators. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp 155–202Google Scholar
  3. Cleve-Euler A (1951) Die Diatomeen von Schweden und Finnland. Almqvist & Wiksells, Stockholm, p 163Google Scholar
  4. Cleve-Euler A (1952) Die Diatomeen von Schweden und Finnland. Teil 5 (Schluss). Almqvist & Wiksells, Stockholm, p 153Google Scholar
  5. Cleve-Euler A (1953a) Die Diatomeen von Schweden und Finnland. Teil 2: arraphideae, Brachyraphideae. Almqvist & Wiksells, Stockholm, p 158Google Scholar
  6. Cleve-Euler A (1953b) Die Diatomeen von Schweden und Finnland. Teil 3: Monoraphideae, Biraphideae 1. Almqvist & Wiksells, Stockholm, p 255Google Scholar
  7. Cleve-Euler A (1955) Die Diatomeen von Schweden und Finnland. Teil 4: Biraphideae 2. Almqvist & Wiksells, Stockholm, p 232Google Scholar
  8. de Beaulieu J-L, Reille M (1984) A long upper Pleistocene pollen record from Les Echets, near Lyon, France. Boreas 13:111–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Denys L (1990) Fragilaria blooms in the Holocene of the western coastal plain of Belgia. In: Simola H (ed) Proceedings of the Tenth International Diatom Symposium—Joensuu, Finland 1988. Koeltz Scientific books, Koenigstein, pp 397–406Google Scholar
  10. Hedenström A, Risberg J (1999) Early Holocene shore-displacement in southern central Sweden as recorded in elevated isolated basins. Boreas 28:490–504. doi: 10.1080/030094899421993 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hickling R, Roy DB, Hill JK, Fox R, Thomas CD (2006) The distribution of a wide range of taxonomic groups are expanding polewards. Glob Change Biol 12:450–455. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2006.01116.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kiss KT, Acs E, Szabo KE, Miracle MR, Vicente E (2007) Morphological observations on Cyclotella distinguenda Hustedt and C. delicatula Hustedt from the core sample of a meromictic karstic lake of Spain (Lake La Cruz) with aspects of their ecology. Diatom Res 22:287–308Google Scholar
  13. Krammer K, Lange-Bertalot H (1997) Bacillariophyceae 2. Teil: bacillariaceae, Epithemiaceae, Surirellaceae. In: Ettl H, Gerloff J, Heynig H, Mollenhauer D (eds) Süsswasserflora von Mitteleuropa, Band 2/2. Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg, p 610Google Scholar
  14. Krammer K, Lange-Bertalot H (1999) Bacillariophyceae 1. Teil: naviculaceae. In: Ettl H, Gerloff J, Heynig H, Mollenhauer D (eds) Süsswasserflora von Mitteleuropa, Band 2/1. Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg, p 876Google Scholar
  15. Krammer K, Lange-Bertalot H (2004a) Bacillariophyceae 4. Teil: achnanthaceae. In: Ettl H, Gärtner G, Heynig H, Mollenhauer D (eds) Süsswasserflora von Mitteleuropa, Band 2/4. Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg, p 468Google Scholar
  16. Krammer K, Lange-Bertalot H (2004b) Bacillariophyceae 3. Teil: centrales, Fragilariaceae, Eunotiaceae. In: Ettl H, Gerloff J, Heynig H, Mollenhauer D (eds) Süsswasserflora von Mitteleuropa, Band 2/3. Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg, p 598Google Scholar
  17. Leng MJ, Barker PA (2006) A review of the oxygen isotope composition of lacustrine diatom silica for palaeoclimate reconstruction. Earth Sci Rev 75:5–27. doi: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2005.10.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Leng MJ, Marshall JD (2004) Palaeoclimate interpretation of stable isotope data from lake sediment archives. Quat Sci Rev 23:811–831. doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2003.06.012 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lenoir J, Gégout JC, Marquet PA, de Ruffray P, Brisse H (2008) A significant upward shift in plant species optimum elevation during the 20th century. Science 320:1768–1771. doi: 10.1126/science.1156831 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lotter AF, Bigler C (2000) Do diatoms in the Swiss Alps reflect the length of ice-cover? Aquat Sci 62:125–141. doi: 10.1007/s000270050002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lotter AF, Pienitz R, Schmidt R (1999) Diatoms as indicators of environmental change near arctic and alpine treeline. In: Stoermer EF, Smol JP (eds) The diatoms: applications for the environmental and earth sciences. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 205–226CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Morley DW, Leng M, Mackay AW, Sloane HJ, Rioual P, Battarbee RW (2004) Cleaning of lake sediment samples for diatom oxygen isotope analysis. J Paleolimnol 31:391–401. doi: 10.1023/B:JOPL.0000021854.70714.6b CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Parmesan C, Yohe G (2003) A globally coherent fingerprint of climate change impacts across natural systems. Nature 421:37–42. doi: 10.1038/nature01286 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Risberg J, Sandgren P, Andrén E (1996) Early Holocene shore displacement and evidence of irregular isostatic uplift northwest of Lake Vänern, western Sweden. J Paleolimnol 15:47–63. doi: 10.1007/BF00176989 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Root TL, Price JT, Hall KR, Schneider SH, Rosenzweig C, Pounds AJ (2003) Fingerprints of global warming on wild animals and plants. Nature 421:57–60. doi: 10.1038/nature01333 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Rousseau DD, Antoine P, Hatté C, Lang A, Zöller L, Fontugne M, Othman DB, Luck JM, Moine O, Labonne M, Bentaleb I, Jolly D (2002) Abrupt millennial climatic changes from Nussloch (Germany) Upper Weichselian eolian records during the Last Glaciation. Quat Sci Rev 21:1577–1582. doi: 10.1016/S0277-3791(02)00034-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Rühland KM, Smol JP, Pienitz R (2003) Ecology and spatial distributions of surface-sediment diatoms from 77 lakes in the subarctic Canadian treeline region. Can J Bot 81:57–73. doi: 10.1139/b03-005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Rühland KM, Paterson AM, Smol JP (2008) Hemispheric-scale patterns of climate-related shifts in planktonic diatoms from North America and European lakes. Global Change Biol doi:  10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01670.x
  29. Sánchez Goñi MF, Landais A, Fletcher WJ, Naughton F, Desprat S, Duprat J (2008) Contrasting impacts of Dansgaard–Oeschger events over a western European latitudinal transect modulated by orbital parameters. Quat Sci Rev 27:1136–1151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Scheffler W, Nicklisch A, Schönfelder I (2005) Beiträge zur Morphologie, Ökologie und Ontogenie der planktischen Diatomee Cyclotella comensis Grunow. Untersuchungen an historischem und rezentem material. Diatom Res 20:171–200Google Scholar
  31. Smol JP, Wolfe AP, Birks HJB, Douglas MSV, Jones VJ, Korhola A, Pienitz R, Rühland KM, Sorvari S, Antoniades D, Brooks SJ, Fallu M-A, Hughes M, Keatley BE, Laing TE, Michelutti N, Nazarova L, Nyman M, Paterson AM, Perren B, Quinlan R, Rautio M, Saulnier-Talbot E, Siitonen S, Solovieva N, Weckström J (2005) Climate-driven regime shifts in the biological communities of arctic lakes. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 102:4397–4402. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0500245102 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Ter Braak CJF, Prentice IC (1988) A theory of gradient analysis. Adv Ecol Res 18:271–317. doi: 10.1016/S0065-2504(08)60183-X CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Ter Braak CJF, Smilauer P (2002) CANOCO reference manual and CanoDraw for windows user’s guide: software for canonical community ordination (version 4.5). Microcomputer Power, Ithaca p. 500Google Scholar
  34. Walther G-R, Post E, Convey P, Menzel A, Parmesan C, Beebee TJC, Fromentin J-M, Hoegh-Guldberg O, Bairlein F (2002) Ecological responses to recent climate change. Nature 416:389–395. doi: 10.1038/416389a CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Wohlfarth B, Veres D, Ampel L, Lacourse T, Blaauw M, Preusser F, Andrieu-Ponel V, Kéravis D, Lallier-Vergès E, Björck S, Davies S, de Beaulieu J-L, Risberg J, Hormes A, Kasper HU, Possnert G, Reille M, Thouveny N, Zander A (2008) Rapid ecosystem response to abrupt climate changes during the last glacial period in Western Europe, 40–16 kyr BP. Geology 36:407–410. doi: 10.1130/G24600A.1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Linda Ampel
    • 1
    Email author
  • Barbara Wohlfarth
    • 2
  • Jan Risberg
    • 1
  • Daniel Veres
    • 3
  • Melanie J. Leng
    • 4
    • 5
  • Päivi Kaislahti Tillman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary GeologyStockholm UniversityStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Department of Geology and GeochemistryStockholm UniversityStockholmSweden
  3. 3.“Emil Racovita” Speleological InstituteCluj NapocaRomania
  4. 4.NERC Isotope Geosciences LaboratoryBritish Geological SurveyNottinghamUK
  5. 5.School of GeographyUniversity of NottinghamNottinghamUK

Personalised recommendations