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Journal of Paleolimnology

, Volume 43, Issue 3, pp 499–511 | Cite as

A rapid response of testate amoebae and vegetation to inundation of a kettle hole mire

  • Mariusz LamentowiczEmail author
  • Milena Obremska
original paper

Abstract

Our palaeoecological study covers 73 years of history (1929–2002) of a kettle hole peatland inundated by water from a nearby, dammed lake. Testate amoebae, pollen and non-pollen palynomorphs (NPPs) were used to track the shift to wetter conditions in the peatland. Lead-210 was used to try and construct the chronology. We investigated how peatland testate amoebae communities changed since the damming of a nearby river. Furthermore, we evaluated how rapidly local vegetation responded to the increase in wetness, and how vegetation changes correlated with shifts in testate amoebae and NPPs. The Mukrza kettle hole provided palaeoecological evidence of trophic state and hydrological changes since the lake filled with water in 1929. Three stages of development were revealed. The first two were associated with initial inundation, and the third was related to Sphagnum expansion and acidification. Quantitative reconstruction of groundwater level and pH, inferred using testate amoebae, confirmed our hypotheses about changes in hydrology and trophic state. Subfossil desmid remains lend qualitative support to the reconstruction. The ecology of several testate amoeba taxa is discussed in the context of succession and population establishment. There was complete species replacement since the time of inundation. Our investigation has two important applied aspects: (1) it enables prediction of the response of peatlands to a rise in water table on restored sites; and (2) it provides analogues for palaeoclimatological studies. The history of the Mukrza mire is an example of how palaeoecological studies can be used to assess the degree of change in peatlands transformed by human activities.

Keywords

Peatland Sphagnum Human impact Damming Testate amoebae Pollen Wet shift 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was funded by a research grant from the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education (No. 2PO4G04929) (PI Milena Obremska). Mariusz Lamentowicz was funded by the above-mentioned grant as well as another grant from the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education (No. 2PO4G03228). We are indebted to Kazimierz Tobolski, and to Krystyna Milecka for inspiration and discussions. We thank David Wilkinson, Richard Payne and Mark Brenner for helpful remarks. We also thank Charlotte Vandenberghe and Sylwia Ufnalska for improving the English. Further funding to ML by Foundation for Polish Science (FNP) (Outgoing Fellowship KOLUMB) is acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biogeography and Palaeoecology, Faculty of Geographical and Geological SciencesAdam Mickiewicz UniversityPoznańPoland
  2. 2.Ecosystem Boundaries Research Unit, Wetlands Research GroupSwiss Federal Research Institute (WSL)LausanneSwitzerland
  3. 3.Laboratoire des Systèmes ÉcologiquesÉcole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL)LausanneSwitzerland
  4. 4.Laboratory of Soil Biology, Institute of BiologyUniversity of NeuchâtelNeuchâtelSwitzerland

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