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Journal of Paleolimnology

, Volume 41, Issue 4, pp 589–602 | Cite as

Historical trends affecting accumulation of sediment and phosphorus in Lake Pepin, upper Mississippi River, USA

  • David J. MullaEmail author
  • Adam C. Sekely
Original Paper

Abstract

This study was conducted to collect historical land use information that would help explain the historical patterns in accumulation of sediment and phosphorus in Lake Pepin documented by Engstrom et al. (J Paleolimnol, this issue). A wide range of historical factors including cropping systems, phosphorus applications from fertilizer and manure, human and animal populations, river flows and phosphorus discharges from waste water treatment plants were studied using statistical methods. Results showed that sediment losses from the Minnesota River basin are significantly correlated with historical increases in river flows, row crop production acreage and basin population. Total phosphorus accumulations in the sediments of Lake Pepin are significantly correlated with increased phosphorus discharges from metropolitan area wastewater treatment plants, and increases in row crop acreage and river flows. Total phosphorus inflows to Lake Pepin are significantly correlated with increases in river flows, row crop acreage and phosphorus fertilizer applied to agricultural lands.

Keywords

Lake Pepin Land use change Phosphorus Sediment Trend analysis Water quality 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Soil, Water and ClimateUniversity of MinnesotaSt PaulUSA

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