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Journal of Paleolimnology

, Volume 34, Issue 3, pp 339–348 | Cite as

The Suitability of a South Pennine (UK) Reservoir as an Archive of Recent Environmental Change

  • D.E. YeloffEmail author
  • J.C. Labadz
  • C.O. Hunt
Article

Abstract

The suitability of a south Pennine reservoir as an archive of recent industrial pollution (Pb deposition) and vegetation change was assessed by comparing the sediment record of Pb and pollen with a local blanket peat profile, and the modelled regional SO2 deposition since 1840. The pollen-based record of vegetation change from the reservoir sediments was obscured by high inputs of eroded peat from the surrounding catchment. Total fluxes of Pb from the catchment into the reservoir varied between 0.05 and 2.67 kg km−2 year−1 during a 7 year period of increased peat erosion (1976–1984). The presence of concentration peaks in the Pb profile of the blanket peat may have been caused by changes in sulphide or redox chemistry within the peat profile. Large variations in influxes of Pb to the reservoir occurred during periods of increased peat erosion, suggesting the record of aerial pollution deposition has been obscured by terrestrial inputs. Extensive areas of blanket peat in the south Pennines have been subject to denudation, suggesting reservoirs in the region and other areas of high erosion and sediment flux are unsuitable for producing accurate records of the aerial deposition of pollen rain and Pb pollution. The ecological implications of highly variable fluxes of heavy metal contaminants from extensively eroded blanket bogs to ecosystems downstream are poorly understood.

Keywords

Blanket peat erosion Industrial Pb deposition Pollen Reservoir sediment South Pennines 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental and Geographical SciencesUniversity of HuddersfieldHuddersfieldUK
  2. 2.Department of Land Based StudiesNottingham Trent UniversityBrackenhurstUK
  3. 3.Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED)Universiteit van AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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