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The Protein Journal

, Volume 26, Issue 5, pp 281–291 | Cite as

A Novel Arginine Kinase with Substrate Specificity Towards d-arginine

  • Kouji Uda
  • Tomohiko Suzuki
Article

Abstract

We determined the cDNA-derived amino acid sequences of two arginine kinases (AK1, AK2) from the annelid Sabellastarte indica, cloned the cDNAs into pMAL plasmid and expressed them in E. coli. The phylogenetic analyses suggested that Sabellastarte AKs have evolved from a CK-related gene, not from the usual AK gene. The recombinant Sabellastarte AK1 showed a broad specificity towards various guanidine compounds, while the Sabellastarte AK2 mainly showed stronger activity for both d- and l-arginine, a very unique substrate specificity not seen before in usual AKs. We isolated guanidino compounds from the body wall musculature of Sabellastarte, and found that the major compound is d-arginine with a concentration of 4.85 ± 0.51 mmol/kg. From these results, we suggest strongly that in Sabellastarte, d-arginine is the major phosphagen substrate and that the AK2 with substrate specificity towards d-arginine, catalyzes the phosphorylation of d-arginine.

Keywords

d-amino acid guanidino kinase phosphagen kinase arginine kinase creatine kinase substrate specificity Sabellastarte indica 

Abbreviations

AK

arginine kinase

CK

creatine kinase

TK

taurocyamine kinase

GK

glycocyamine kinase

LK

lombricine kinase

FDAA

1–fluoro-2, 4–dinitrophenyl-5-l-alanine amide

MBP

maltose binding protein; ORF, open reading frame

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Prof. W. Ross Ellington of Florida State University for kindly reading this manuscript and giving us invaluable suggestions. We also thank Shuichi Ichinari for the supply of lombricine. This work was supported by grants from the Grants-In-Aid for Scientific Research of Japan to TS (17570062) and to KU (173622).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Biochemistry, Faculty of ScienceKochi UniversityKochiJapan

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