The Protein Journal

, Volume 26, Issue 3, pp 159–164

Synergistic Action of Recombinant α-Amylase and Glucoamylase on the Hydrolysis of Starch Granules

  • D. W. S. Wong
  • G. H. Robertson
  • C. C. Lee
  • K. Wagschal


Barley α-amylase 1 mutant (AMY) and Lentinula edodes glucoamylase (GLA) were cloned and expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The purified recombinant AMY hydrolyzed corn and wheat starch granules, respectively, at rates 1.7 and 2.5 times that of GLA under the same reaction conditions. AMY and GLA synergistically enhanced the rate of hydrolysis by ∼3× for corn and wheat starch granules, compared to the sum of the individual activities. The exo-endo synergism did not change by varying the ratio of the two enzymes when the total concentration was kept constant. A yield of 4% conversion was obtained after 25 min 37°C incubation (1 unit total enzyme, 15 mg raw starch granules, pH 5.3). The temperature stability of the enzyme mixtures was ≤50°C, but the initial rate of hydrolysis continued to increase with higher temperatures. Ca++ enhanced the stability of the free enzymes at 50°C incubation. Inhibition was observed with the addition of 10 mM Fe++ or Cu++, while Mg++ and EDTA had lesser effect.


α-amylase glucoamylase starch hydrolysis synergistic action 



barley α-amylase isoform 1


Lentinula edodes glucoamylase


dinitrosalicyclic acid


sodium acetate


2% yeast extract, 1% bactopeptone, 2% glycerol


starch-binding domain


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. W. S. Wong
    • 1
  • G. H. Robertson
    • 1
  • C. C. Lee
    • 1
  • K. Wagschal
    • 1
  1. 1.Western Regional Research Center, USDA-ARSAlbanyUSA

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