Factors Affecting the Acceptance of People with Disabilities at Work: A Literature Review
- 3.2k Downloads
Purpose A lack of social acceptance by non-disabled co-workers is often the reason why employees with disabilities fail to stay in regular organizations for sustained periods. The aim of the study is to present a coherent review of the extant literature on factors affecting the acceptance of people with disabilities in regular employment. Method We conducted a search of the electronic databases PsychINFO and Web of Science (period: 1996–2011) supplemented with a search for additional relevant articles by means of cross-referencing. In total 48 articles were selected, coded and analyzed by three coders into three overarching themes. Results The analysis of included articles shows that the acceptance of employees with disabilities is influenced by three main variable groups: characteristics of co-workers, of the persons with disabilities and of the employers/organizations. Most studies present factors that influence co-workers’ or employers’ attitudes toward employees with disabilities such as demographic variables. Conclusion Although, recent research has started to accumulate findings on factors that affect the acceptance of employees with disabilities, many gaps remain in the understanding of the concept of acceptance and its relation to the employment of people with disabilities.
KeywordsPeople with disabilities Employee acceptance Sustainable employment Literature review
This research has been funded by the Atlant group, an organization for sheltered and supported employment.
Conflict of interest
- 1.Landy FJ, Conte JM. Work in the 21st century: an introduction to industrial and organizational psychology. 2nd ed. Malden: Blackwell; 2007.Google Scholar
- 11.World Health Organization. World report on disability. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2011.Google Scholar
- 12.World Health Organization. The global burden of disease: 2004 update. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2004.Google Scholar
- 14.OECD. Sickness, disability and work: breaking the barriers. Paris: OECD; 2010.Google Scholar
- 15.Hall E. Social geographies of learning disability: narratives of exclusion and inclusion. Area.(2004); doi: 10.1111/j.0004-0894.2004.00227.x.
- 21.van der Klink JJL, Bültmann U, Brouwer S, Burdorf A, Schaufeli WB, Zijlstra FRH, et al. Duurzame inzetbaarheid bij oudere werknemers, werk als waarde. Gedrag en Organisatie. 2011;24(4):342–56.Google Scholar
- 22.Stone DL, Colella A. A model of factors affecting the treatment of disabled individuals in organizations. Acad Manage Rev. 1996;21(2):352–401.Google Scholar
- 26.United Nations enable. Convention on the rights of persons with disabilities. United Nations. (2006); http://www.un.org/disabilities/default.asp?navid=14&pid=150. Accessed 19 Jun 2012.
- 27.US Department of Justice. The Americans with disabilities act of 1990. US Department of Justice. (1990); http://www.ada.gov/pubs/ada.htm. Accessed 19 Jun 2012.
- 28.Administration for Children and Families. The developmental disabilities assistance and bill of rights act of 2000. US Department of Health and Human Services. (2000); http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/add/ddact/DDA.html. Accessed 19 Jun 2012.
- 33.Fishbein M, Ajzen I. Belief, attitude, intention, and behavior: an introduction to theory and research. Reading: Addison-Wesley; 1975.Google Scholar
- 34.Eagly AH, Chaiken S. The psychology of attitudes. Orlando: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publishers; 1993.Google Scholar
- 35.Glaser BG, Strauss AL. The discovery of grounded theory: strategies for qualitative research. Chicago: Aldine Publishing Company; 1967.Google Scholar
- 40.Burge P, Ouellette-Kuntz H, Lysaght R. Public views on employment of people with intellectual disabilities. J Vocat Rehabil. 2007;26:29–37.Google Scholar
- 42.Chadsey JG, Sheldon DL, Horn JR, Bardeleben D, Cimera RE. Description of variables impacting successful and unsuccessful cases of social integration involving co-workers. J Vocat Rehabil. 1999;12(2):103–11.Google Scholar
- 52.Hartnett HP, Stuart H, Thurman H, Loy B, Batiste LC. Employers’ perceptions of the benefits of workplace accommodations: reasons to hire, retain and promote people with disabilities. J Vocat Rehabil. 2011;34(1):17–23.Google Scholar
- 61.Morgan RL, Alexander M. The employer’s perception: employment of individuals with developmental disabilities. J Vocat Rehabil. 2005;23:39–49.Google Scholar
- 62.Novak J, Jo Feyes K, Christensen KA. Application of intergroup contact theory to the integrated workplace: setting the stage for inclusion. J Vocat Rehabil. 2011;35:211–26.Google Scholar
- 63.Ouellette-Kuntz H, Burge P, Henry DB, Bradley EA, Leichner P. Attitudes of senior psychiatry residents toward persons with intellectual disabilities. Can J Psychiat. 2003;48(8):538–45.Google Scholar
- 69.Russinova Z, Griffin S, Bloch P, Wewiorski NJ, Rosoklija I. Workplace prejudice and discrimination toward individuals with mental illnesses. J Vocat Rehabil. 2011;35:227–41.Google Scholar
- 78.Williams-Whitt K. Impediments to disability accommodation. Ind Relat. 2007;62(3):405–32.Google Scholar
- 79.Yazbeck M, McVilly K, Parmenter T. Attitudes toward people with intellectual disability (ID): an Australian perspective. J Disabil Policy Stud. (2004); doi: 10.1177/10442073040150020401.
- 80.Jiranek D, Kirby N. The job satisfaction and/or psychological well being of young adults with an intellectual disability and nondisabled young adults in either sheltered employment, competitive employment or unemployment. Aust NZ J Dev Disabil. 1990;16(2):133–48.Google Scholar
- 81.Griffin DK, Rosenberg H, Cheyney W, Greenberg B. A comparison of self-esteem and job satisfaction of adults with mild mental retardation in sheltered workshops and supported employment. Educ Train Ment Ret. 1996;31(2):142–50.Google Scholar