Advertisement

Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation

, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp 121–125 | Cite as

Introduction to Special Section: Advancing the Field of Vocational Rehabilitation with the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)

  • Reuben EscorpizoEmail author
  • Hans Peter Gmünder
  • Gerold Stucki
Article

Abstract

Background Work disability is a major burden to individuals and the society. To mitigate this burden, vocational rehabilitation has been at the forefront of facilitating work participation. With the complexity of vocational rehabilitation, we need a unifying framework to capture the essential domains of functioning. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) could serve as the common reference and language. The purpose of this special section is to demonstrate the use and benefits of the ICF to stakeholders and advocates of vocational rehabilitation. Methods The project on the ICF Core Set for vocational rehabilitation was conducted in collaboration with national and international organizations. The project consisted of three sequential phases: (1) four development studies, (2) international consensus conference, and (3) testing and validation of the ICF Core Set. Results In the first article, a conceptual definition of vocational rehabilitation based on the ICF is proposed. Findings from the first phase of the project are presented in the following four articles. Our findings reflected a wide range of factors that could influence success (or failure) in vocational rehabilitation. Conclusion This special section has presented five articles in an effort to advance our understanding and measurement of vocational rehabilitation process and outcomes. This special section also illustrates the complexity of the contents of vocational rehabilitation and offers the vocational rehabilitation community the added value of integrating the ICF in practice and research.

Keywords

ICF Vocational rehabilitation Occupational rehabilitation Employment Return to work Work 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank the Steering Committee members: Nenad Kostanjsek (WHO), Barbara Murray (ILO), Catherine Sykes (WCPT), Marilyn Pattison (WFOT), Alessandro Giustini, and Jan Ekholm (ISPRM); the Local Advisory Group: Peter Erhart, Ulrike Hoffmann-Richter, Stefan Ritler, Kurt Gfeller, Cornelia Bachofner, Carl Gennheimer, Olivier Deriaz, Gilles Rivier, Franco Lanfranchi, Andreas Klipstein, Hans-Martin Schian, and Christian Wenk. We would like to acknowledge Melissa Selb and Monika Finger from the ICF Research Branch, and Brittany Norton for their review of this manuscript prior to submission. Special thanks to JOOR Chief Editor Michael Feuerstein and Managing Editor Patricia A. Findley for the great opportunity to be able to contribute to the advancement of the field of vocational rehabilitation. The Swiss Accident Insurance of Switzerland (Suva) funded the project.

References

  1. 1.
    Collie J. Return to work-legal and other impediments. Br Med J. 1916;2:757–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Escorpizo R, Ekholm J, Gmuender HP, Cieza A, Kostanjsek N, Stucki G. Developing a Core Set to describe functioning in vocational rehabilitation using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF). J Occup Rehabil. 2010;20(4):502–11.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    World Health Organization. International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health: ICF. Geneva: WHO; 2001.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    International Labour Organization. About the ILO. Mission and objectives. Available from: http://www.ilo.org/global/about-the-ilo/mission-and-objectives/lang–en/index.htm. 2011.
  5. 5.
    Ustun TB, Chatterji S, Bickenbach J, Kostanjsek N, Schneider M. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health: a new tool for understanding disability and health. Disabil Rehabil. 2003;25(11–12):565–71.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    International Labour Organization. Statistics on the employment situation of people with disabilities: a compendium of national methodologies. 2003; Available from: http://www.ilo.org/public/english/bureau/stat/download/papers/disable.pdf. 2011.
  7. 7.
    World Health Organization. Launching healthy workplaces: a global model for action on the occasion of the World Day for Health and Safety at Work. 2011; Available from: http://www.who.int/occupational_health/healthy_workplaces/en/. 2011.
  8. 8.
    Rondinelli RD, Genovese E, Katz RT, et al., editors. Guides to the evaluation of permanent impairment. 6th ed. Chicago: American Medical Association; 2009.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Raggi A, Leonardi M, Cabello M, Bickenbach JE. Application of ICF in clinical settings across Europe. Disabil Rehabil. 2010;32:17–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Peterson DB. Psychological aspects of functioning, disability, and health. New York: Springer Publishing Company; 2011.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Mpofu E, Oakland T, editors. Rehabilitation and health assessment: applying ICF guidelines. New York: Springer Publishing Company; 2010.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Homa DB. Using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) in job placement. Work. 2007;29(4):277–86.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Okawa Y, Ueda S, Shuto K. The utilization of ICF in National Legislation and Policies in Japan. WHO-FIC NETWORK MEETING; 2005:16–22 October.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Conclave M, Fusaro G, Sala M, Martinuzzi A, Russo E, Frare M, et al. The ICF and labour policies project: the first Italian nation-wide experience of ICF implementation in the Labour Sector. Disabil Rehabil. 2009;31:16–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Shaw L, Leyshon R, Liu M. Validating the potential of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health to identify barriers to and facilitators of consumer participation. Can J Occup Ther. 2007;74:255–66.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Leyshon RT, Shaw LE. Using the ICF as a conceptual framework to guide ergonomic intervention in occupational rehabilitation. Work. 2008;31(1):47–61.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Sanderson K, Nicholson J, Graves N, Tilse E, Oldenburg B. Mental health in the workplace: using the ICF to model the prospective associations between symptoms, activities, participation and environmental factors. Disabil Rehabil. 2008;30(17):1289–97.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Chamberlain MA, Fialka Moser V, Schuldt Ekholm K, O’Connor RJ, Herceg M, Ekholm J. Vocational rehabilitation: an educational review. J Rehabil Med. 2009;41(11):856–69.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Brage S, Donceel P, Falez F. Development of ICF core set for disability evaluation in social security. Disabil Rehabil. 2008;30(18):1392–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sandqvist JL, Henriksson CM. Work functioning: a conceptual framework. Work. 2004;23(2):147–57.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Escorpizo R, Reneman MF, Ekholm J, Fritz J, Krupa T, Marnetoft SU, et al. A conceptual definition of vocational rehabilitation based on the ICF: building a shared global model. J Occup Rehabil. 2011; Feb 12 (in press).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Escorpizo R, Finger ME, Glässel A, Gradinger F, Lückenkemper M, Cieza A. A systematic review of functioning in vocational rehabilitation using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). J Occup Rehabil. 2011; Feb 12 (in press).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Escorpizo R, Finger ME, Glässel A, Cieza A. An international expert survey on functioning in vocational rehabilitation using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. J Occup Rehabil. 2010; Dec 9 (in press).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Finger ME, Glässel A, Gmünder HP, Stucki G, Gradinger F, Klipstein A, et al. Identification of relevant ICF categories in vocational rehabilitation—a cross-sectional study evaluating the clinical perspective. J Occup Rehabil (in press).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Glässel A, Finger ME, Cieza A, Treitler C, Coenen M, Escorpizo R. Vocational rehabilitation from the client’s perspective using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) as a Reference. J Occup Rehabil. 2011; Jan 22 (in press).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Finger ME, Escorpizo R, Glässel A, Gmünder HP, Lückenkemper M, Chan C, et al. ICF Core Set for vocational rehabilitation: results of an international consensus exercise. Disabil Rehabil (under review).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Cieza A, Ewert T, Üstün B, Chatterji S, Kostanjsek N, Stucki G. Development of ICF Core Sets for patients with chronic conditions. J Rehabil Med. 2004;36(44):9–11.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reuben Escorpizo
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Hans Peter Gmünder
    • 4
  • Gerold Stucki
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Swiss Paraplegic Research (SPF)NottwilSwitzerland
  2. 2.ICF Research Branch in cooperation with the WHO Collaborating Centre for the Family of International Classifications in Germany (at DIMDI)NottwilSwitzerland
  3. 3.Department of Health Sciences and Health PolicyUniversity of Lucerne and SPFNottwilSwitzerland
  4. 4.Swiss Paraplegic Center, (SPZ)NottwilSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations