Sickness Presenteeism Among Swedish Police Officers
- 541 Downloads
Introduction The aim was to describe the prevalence of sickness presenteeism (SP) and to explore possible associations with work characteristics among Swedish police officers. Methods Questionnaire data from 11,793 police officers were analysed. Relative risks (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for SP were calculated with modified Poisson regression. SP was defined as having gone to work on two or more occasions during the past 12 months despite judging that one’s health would have motivated sickness absence. Results Of the police officers, 47% reported SP. All studied work environment factors were significantly associated with SP. The strongest association was found for stress (RR = 1.46; 95% CI: 1.41–1.52). Low support from colleagues and low control had higher impact on the risk estimates for SP among older subjects. Adjustment for self-rated health lowered the RRs, however, estimates remained statistically significant. The results indicated that SP was most affected by work environment among subjects with good self-rated health. Conclusions SP was high among police officers. Work environment factors seem to be associated with SP, particularly among subjects with good general health.
KeywordsPolice officers Sickness presence Work
This study was financially supported by the Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research and the National Police Board. All authors are independent from their funders.
Conflict of interest statement
All authors declare that the answer to the questions on your competing interest form are all No and therefore have nothing to declare.
- 2.Hemp P. Presenteeism: at work–but out of it. Harv Bus Rev. 2004;82(10):49–58, 155.Google Scholar
- 11.SCB. Andel av de sysselsatta enl. arbetsmiljöundersökningen för vald arbetsmiljöfråga efter kön, ålder och socioekonomisk indelning SEI. År 1997–2007 (Percentage of employed acc. to the Swedish Work Environment Survey for selected question by sex, age and socio-economic classification SEI. Year 1997–2007). Arbetsmiljöundersökning (Work Environment Survey). Örebro: SCB (Statistics Sweden); 2009.Google Scholar
- 14.Caveley N, Cunningham JB, MacGregor JN. Sickness presenteeism, sickness absenteeism, and health following restructuring in a public service organization. J Manag Stud. 2007;44(304–319).Google Scholar
- 16.de Vroome E. Eurofound: prevalence of sickness absence and ‘presenteeism’ European foundation for the improvement of living and working conditions, 2006.Google Scholar
- 19.Arbetsmiljöverket. Poliser (Polices). Korta arbetsskadefakta (Short facts about work injury). Solna: Arbetsmiljöverket (Swedish Work Environment Authority), 2009.Google Scholar
- 20.Vilhelmsson B. Poliser (Polices). Korta sifferfakta (Short facts in numbers). Solna: Arbetsmiljöverket (Swedish Work Environment Authority), 2003.Google Scholar
- 22.SCB (Statistics Sweden). SCB:s analysmodell med Nöjd-Medarbetar-Index. Medarbetarna om sin arbetssituation. (Statistics Sweden analytic model with satisfied-employee-index. The employees about their work situation). In: Polisen (The Police), editor, 2007.Google Scholar
- 23.Polisens årsredovisning (Annual report of the Swedish Police, in Swedish). In: Rikspolisstyrelsen (The National Police Board), editor, 2007.Google Scholar