Return to work and adjustment latitude among employees on long-term sickness absence
- 421 Downloads
Introduction: The aim was to study whether return to work (RTW) after long-term sickness absence is affected by adjustment latitude i.e. opportunities to adjust one's work to one's state of health by e.g. choosing among work tasks and deciding about work pace and working hours. We also studied whether the effect of adjustment latitude differed between those returning full-time and those returning part-time. Methods: Differences between men and women were also studied. A questionnaire was sent to 5,590 salaried employees who had been on sick leave for at least 90 days in 2000. The year after, 2001, they received a questionnaire which included questions about work status, working conditions, adjustment latitude and health. Results: The questionnaire was returned from 3056 persons. Among women 32% were fully back to work, 34% were partly back and 34% were still on sick leave. Comparable figures for men were 33%, 32% and 36%. Conclusion: For both men and women the likelihood to RTW increased with increasing number of opportunities to adjust. Adjustment latitude increased returning to part-time as well as full-time work. The study indicates that work organisation is important for RTW.
KeywordsAdjustment latitude Flexibility Return to work Work organisation
Financial support was provided by Alecta Pension Insurance Mutual.
- 1.Statistiska centralbyrån. Vad påverkar sjukskrivningarna. Registerstudie av hur sjukpenningkostnaderna utvecklats 1993–2001. Demografisk rapport 2004:2. (Statistics Sweden, What affects sick leave. A register study of the development of sick leave costs 1993–2001. Demographic reports 2004:2).Google Scholar
- 2.Riksförsäkringsverket. Långtidssjukskrivna-egenskaper vid 2003 års RFV-LS-undersökning. RFV redovisar 2003:4 (Long-term-sick. The National Social Insurance Board, Sweden).Google Scholar
- 5.Tuomi K, Ilmarinen J, Jahkola A, Katajarinne L, Tulkki A. Work Ability Index. Helsinki: Institute of Occupational Health, 1994.Google Scholar
- 9.Detaille SI, Haafkens JA, van Dijk FJH. What employees with rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes mellitus and hearing loss need to cope at work. Scand J Work Environ Health 2004;29:134–42.Google Scholar
- 10.Riksförsäkringsverket. Långtidssjukskrivna-diagnos, yrke, partiell sjukskrivning och återgång i arbete. RFV redovisar 2004:7 (Long-term-sick. The National Social Insurance Board, Sweden).Google Scholar
- 13.Ahlberg-Hultén G. Psychological demands and decision latitude within health care work. Dissertation. Department of Psychology. Stockholm University,1999.Google Scholar