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Carbon Dioxide Based Poly(ether carbonate) Polyol in Bi-polyol Mixtures for Rigid Polyurethane Foams

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Abstract

The utilization of carbon dioxide (CO2) as a sustainable feedstock for chemical products is becoming more interesting topic as the public issue of global warming has been increasingly emphasized. In this study, CO2 was polymerized in the presence of propylene oxide by using a double metal cyanide catalyst, affording poly(ether carbonate) (PEC) polyol. Rigid polyurethane foams (RPUFs) were successfully prepared with a bi-polyol mixture of different compositions containing the CO2-based PEC polyol. Approximately 43 wt% of petroleum-based polyether polyol was successfully substituted by the CO2-based PEC polyol, affording RPUFs with controlled characteristics. The properties of the RPUFs, such as apparent density, compressive strength, thermal conductivity, thermal stability and cell morphology, supported the potential of the RPUFs as thermal insulating materials and CO2 as an eco-friendly sustainable resource.

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Abbreviations

1H-NMR:

Proton nuclear magnetic resonance

CCU:

CO2 capture/utilization

CO2 :

Carbon dioxide

DEG:

Diethylene glycol

DMC:

Double metal cyanide

EEA:

2-Ethoxyethyl acetate

FE-SEM:

Field emission-scanning electron microscopy

FPUF:

Flexible polyurethane foam

FT-IR:

Fourier transform infrared

K3[CO(CN)6]:

Potassium hexacyanocobaltate (III)

KOH:

Potassium hydroxide

M-200:

Polymeric 4,4′‐diphenylmethane isocyanate

MALDI-TOF MS:

Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry

Mn,maldi :

Number-average molecular weight determined by MALDI-TOF MS

MW:

Molecular weight

Mw,maldi :

Weight-average molecular weight determined by MALDI-TOF MS

P123:

Poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(propylene glycol)-block-poly(ethylene glycol)

P3059:

Low MW multifunctional polypropylene glycol

PC:

Polycarbonate

PC%:

Content of propylene carbonate unit

PEC:

Poly(ether carbonate)

PO:

Propylene oxide

Polycat 8:

N,N-Dimethylcyclohexylamine

PPG:

Poly(propylene glycol)

PU:

Polyurethane

PUF:

Polyurethane foam

RPUF:

Rigid polyurethane foam

TGA:

Thermogravimetric analysis

ZnCl2 :

Zinc chloride

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (NRF-2019R1A2C1003735). This work was also supported by POSCO (No. 2018A014).

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Correspondence to Il Kim or Joon Hyun Baik or Sung Chul Hong.

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Lee, D.H., Ha, J.H., Kim, I. et al. Carbon Dioxide Based Poly(ether carbonate) Polyol in Bi-polyol Mixtures for Rigid Polyurethane Foams. J Polym Environ (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10924-020-01668-0

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Keywords

  • Carbon dioxide
  • Poly(ether carbonate)
  • Polyol
  • Rigid polyurethane foam
  • Thermal conductivity