Removal of Methylene Blue and Basic Yellow 28 Dyes from Aqueous Solutions Using Sulphonated Waste Poly Methyl Methacrylate

  • Nadjib DahdouhEmail author
  • Samira Amokrane
  • Ramón Murillo
  • Elhadj Mekatel
  • Djamel Nibou
Original Paper


This work focuses on two different environmental problems: the recovery of plastic wastes PMMA (W PMMA) and their application in the removal of textile dyes Methylene Blue (MB) and Basic Yellow 28 (BY28) in aqueous solutions. The selected waste plastic was upgraded to produce an adsorbent suitable for dyes removal. For that, the material was grinded cryogenically up to a particle size of less than 100 μm and treated with sulfuric acid. The sulphonated waste PMMA (SW PMMA) was characterized by FTIR, scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) and chemical composition analysis (C, H, N, O and S content). The formation of sulphonic groups in the material after sulphonation reaction has been successfully demonstrated by FTIR, and can be observed mainly in the region 3087 cm−1 to 3657 cm−1, where an intense band bound to the stretching of the SO3H appeared; another absorption band appeared in the region from 1138 to 1271 cm−1 that corresponds to the symmetric stretching of the SO2 group. The effects of solution pH, initial dyes concentration, adsorbent dose and temperature were studied in batch experiments. The obtained data showed that SW PMMA adsorbent exhibit significant adsorption capacities of 97.09 mg g−1 and 222.22 mg g−1 for MB and BY28, respectively. The complete removal of MB and BY28 on the SW PMMA was achieved in less than 45 min. The Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin models were applied and it was found that the equilibrium data could be satisfactory fitted to Langmuir adsorption isotherm. The kinetic study showed that the pseudo second order kinetic model correlates the experimental data. Furthermore, the thermodynamic parameters were determined for both dyes. As a result, the negative values of Gibbs free energy ∆G° indicated the spontaneity of the adsorption of MB and BY28 by SW PMMA. The negative values of ∆H° revealed the exothermic nature of the process and the negative values of ∆S° suggest the stability of MB and BY28 on the surface of SW PMMA.


Waste PMMA Sulphonation Removal Dyes Kinetic Thermodynamic 



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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nadjib Dahdouh
    • 1
    Email author
  • Samira Amokrane
    • 1
  • Ramón Murillo
    • 2
  • Elhadj Mekatel
    • 1
  • Djamel Nibou
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Technologie Des MatériauxUniversité Des Sciences Et de La Technologie Houari-BoumedieneBab-Ezzouar, AlgerAlgeria
  2. 2.Instituto de Carboquímica (CSIC), Energy and Environmental DepartmentZaragozaSpain

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