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Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 27, Issue 12, pp 2831–2841 | Cite as

Preparation and Characterization of Lignin Microparticles-in-Alginate Beads for Atrazine Controlled Release

  • Carlos Alberto Busatto
  • María Eugenia Taverna
  • Maia Raquel Lescano
  • Cristina Zalazar
  • Diana Alejandra EstenozEmail author
Original paper
  • 36 Downloads

Abstract

The use of lignin as polymeric matrices for controlled release systems in agriculture is a promising alternative for its revalorization. In this work, different atrazine delivery systems were studied. Lignin derived from ionic isolation was used for the preparation of atrazine-loaded microparticles by the solvent extraction/evaporation and microfluidic techniques. Microparticles were also encapsulated in sodium alginate beads. Lignin microparticles prepared by microfluidics presented a larger particle size, higher encapsulation efficiency and a narrow size distribution. The in vitro release of atrazine was evaluated in water. Atrazine release from microparticles prepared by the solvent extraction/evaporation technique showed a significant burst release, and this effect was reduced by incorporating microparticles within alginate beads. In addition, the phytotoxicity of the systems was evaluated employing Lactuca sativa seeds. The phytotoxicity results showed that lignin-based formulations are safe according to the parameters evaluated, in contrast with commercial atrazine that resulted phytotoxic.

Keywords

Lignin Microparticles Atrazine Controlled release 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to the Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Universidad Nacional del Litoral (UNL), Universidad Tecnológica Nacional (UTN), and Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica (ANPCyT) for the financial support. We also thank Eng. C. Romani for her assistance in carrying out part of the experimental work.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.INTEC (UNL-CONICET)Santa FeArgentina
  2. 2.UTN Regional San FranciscoSan FranciscoArgentina

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