Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 27, Issue 11, pp 2618–2623 | Cite as

Soybean Oil Modified Bio-based Poly(vinyl alcohol)s via Ring-Opening Polymerization

  • Gokhan AcikEmail author
Original paper


In this paper, a simple method to modify the poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) through ring-opening reaction of epoxidized soybean oil (ESBO), catalyzed by hydrochloric acid is reported. The effect of ESBO loading ratio, in terms of mole (PVA/ESBO (n/n) = 1:0.5; 1:1 and 1:1.5) in the reaction medium, on the biodegradable, wettability and thermal properties of final PVA-SBO films is systematically investigated, comparing with PVA. The formation of PVA-SBOs is structurally confirmed by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, whereas their wettability and thermal properties are studied by water contact angle (WCA) measurement, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), respectively. The obtained PVA-SBOs with higher ESBO loading exhibit both improved thermal properties and higher hydrophobic characteristic compared to others. Furthermore, biodegradability of resulting PVA-SBOs is also investigated by enzymatic degradation experiments. It is determined that around 34% of PVA is degraded by enzymatic experiments after 30 days and PVA-SBO with lower ESBO loading is more degraded than others with around 52%. Consequently, some experimental results are presented to indicate that PVA-SBOs are encouraging materials for diverse applications and their extensions can be good candidate for reducing the environmental problem and consumption of petroleum resources.


Biodegradable properties Epoxidized soybean oil Modification Poly(vinyl alcohol) 



This research did not receive any specific Grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Sciences and LettersPiri Reis UniversityIstanbulTurkey

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