Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 309–317 | Cite as

Fabrication of Seashell-Incorporated Polyurethane for Sustainable Remediation of Fe(II)-Contaminated Acidic Wastewater

  • Choe Earn Choong
  • Gooyong LeeEmail author
  • Min Jang
  • Chang Min Park
  • Shaliza IbrahimEmail author
Original Paper


In this study, seashell-incorporated polyurethane (SPU) was synthesized for sustainable remediation of Fe(II)-contaminated acidic wastewater. Several batch and column experiments were conducted to find optimal seashell/PU ratio, particle size, bed volume and retention time. Seashell/PU ratio of 20 wt%, with high chemical stability, was found to be the optimum proportion with maximum Fe(II) removal capacity of 277.1 mg-Fe(II)/g-seashell. The primary removal mechanisms were adsorption and precipitation as ferric hydroxide and ferric carbonate. Crushed seashell with the particle diameter of 0.13 mm ≤ Ø < 0.15 mm posed the highest Fe(II) removal capacity. SPU, with the enhanced hydro-conductivity of the crushed seashell, showed consistent Fe(II) removal capacity (237.5 mg-Fe(II)/g-seashell) in both batch and column experiments. Large bed volumes increased Fe(II) removal efficiency, but the increment was not directly proportional to the removal efficiency. The breakthrough curve was also found to fit well to Yoon–Nelson Kinetic model and Thomas kinetic model with the determination coefficient of 0.867–0.987. In overall, SPU can be considered as a sustainable alternative for a low-cost absorbent for heavy metal contaminated acidic wastewater.


Seashell waste Polyurethane Acidic wastewater Ferrous ion Acid mine drainage 



This work was supported by Postgraduate Research Grant (PPP) (PG210-2015B) and Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (NRF-2018R1A6A1A03024962). The authors wish to thank Dr. Nuruol Syuhadaa Mohd for proof read the manuscript.

Supplementary material

10924_2018_1339_MOESM1_ESM.docx (41 kb)
Supplementary material 1 Pore size distribution of SPU was illustrated. (DOCX 40 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  2. 2.Division of Policy Research, Green Technology CenterSeoulRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Department of Environmental EngineeringKwangwoon UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.Department of Environmental EngineeringKyungpook National UniversityDaeguRepublic of Korea

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