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Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 26, Issue 9, pp 3817–3823 | Cite as

Effect of Nano-Fillers on Tensile Properties of Biopolymer Films

  • Ines Resano-Goizueta
  • Bharani K. Ashokan
  • Thomas A. Trezza
  • Graciela W. Padua
Original Paper
  • 95 Downloads

Abstract

Microcrystalline cellulose, cellulose nanocrystals (CNC), calcium carbonate nanoparticles, hydrophilic nanoclay and hydrophobic nanoclay, were separately added as fillers to konjac glucomannan, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, and zein to investigate their effect on tensile properties of nanocomposite films. DMA results on biopolymer films confirmed significant differences between neat polymers due their different molecular weight and chemical structure. Fillers, at 2% load (w/w), affected film properties depending on their size, shape, and surface chemistry. Good dispersibility and the extent of polymer-filler interactions controlled the effect of nanofillers on film properties. Hydrophilic nanoclay and CNC better interacted with biopolymer matrices.

Keywords

Konjac glucomannan Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose Zein Nanocomposite Tensile properties 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We appreciate financial support from PepsiCo. We appreciate technical help from Lou Ann Miller from the Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois. We also thank the Mechanical Science and Engineering Innovation Studio, University of Illinois, for the use of laser cutters.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ines Resano-Goizueta
    • 1
  • Bharani K. Ashokan
    • 2
  • Thomas A. Trezza
    • 2
  • Graciela W. Padua
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Food Science and Human NutritionUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUrbanaUSA
  2. 2.PepsiCo Global R&DPlanoUSA

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