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Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 26, Issue 8, pp 3362–3370 | Cite as

Kinetic, Isotherm and Thermodynamic Studies for Removal of Methylene Blue Using β-Cyclodextrin/Activated Carbon Aerogels

  • Kaixuan Zhou
  • Yanhui Li
  • Qi Li
  • Qiuju Du
  • Dechang Wang
  • Kunyan Sui
  • Cuiping Wang
  • Hongliang Li
  • Yanzhi Xia
Original Paper

Abstract

A novel aerogel (β-CD/AC) was prepared through polymerization reaction of β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) with activated carbon (AC) and vacuum freeze drying method. The structure and morphology of β-CD/AC were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) method and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). β-CD/AC is used to deal with wastewater containing methylene blue (MB) dye. The effects of AC content in β-CD/AC, pH value, temperature, contact time and amount of adsorbent on the adsorption of MB were studied in detail. The Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption models were applied to describe the equilibrium isotherms. The Langmuir monolayer adsorption capacity of MB onto β-CD/AC was estimated as 166.67 mg/g. The kinetics of MB onto β-CD/AC was well described by the pseudo-second order model. The thermodynamic parameters indicated that the adsorption reaction of MB onto β-CD/AC was endothermic and spontaneous.

Keywords

Activated carbon β-Cyclodextrin Adsorption Methylene blue 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51672140), Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province (ZR2015EM038), Taishan Scholar Program of Shandong Province (201511029).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kaixuan Zhou
    • 1
  • Yanhui Li
    • 1
    • 2
  • Qi Li
    • 2
  • Qiuju Du
    • 2
  • Dechang Wang
    • 1
  • Kunyan Sui
    • 2
  • Cuiping Wang
    • 1
  • Hongliang Li
    • 2
  • Yanzhi Xia
    • 2
  1. 1.College of Mechanical and Electrical EngineeringQingdao UniversityQingdaoChina
  2. 2.Laboratory of Fiber Materials and Modern Textile, The Growing Base for State Key LaboratoryQingdao UniversityQingdaoChina

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