Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 26, Issue 8, pp 3197–3201 | Cite as

Preparation and Characterization of PVC Matrix Composites with Biochemical Sludge

  • Wenliang Wang
  • Qing HanEmail author
  • Xinping Li
  • Xinwen Peng
  • Weiwei Qian
Original Paper


Biochemical sludge (BS), generated in the waste water treatment of paper mills, was pretreated by enzyme hydrolysis. The effect and action mechanism of the enzymatic treatment on the properties of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) matrix composites with BS were discussed. Results showed that when the filler content was 30 wt%, the tensile strength of the PVC composites filled with BS and its modified products which were pretreated by laccase, cellulase and hemicellulase can be increased by 38.64, 67.4, 63.5 and 66.3% than the PVC composite filled with calcium carbonate. When the dosage of filler was 40 wt%, the elastic modulus of PVC composites filled with BS and its above three modified products decreased by 53.3, 52.3, 50.0 and 46.3%, respectively. Meanwhile, the thermal stability of PVC composites can also be improved at the temperature of over 340 °C. It can be concluded that the enzyme pretreatment can improve the application performance of BS usage in PVC matrix composites.


Polyvinyl chloride Enzyme hydrolysis Composite Calcium carbonate 



The authors are grateful for the financial support by the funding from the key research project of Shaanxi Province [2017SF-382], the State Key Laboratory of Pulp and Papermaking Engineering of South China University of Technology [201314] and the Doctoral Scientific Research Foundation of Shaanxi University of Science & Technology in China [2016BJ-31].


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wenliang Wang
    • 1
  • Qing Han
    • 1
    Email author
  • Xinping Li
    • 1
  • Xinwen Peng
    • 2
  • Weiwei Qian
    • 1
  1. 1.Shaanxi Provincial Key Laboratory of Papermaking Technology and Specialty Paper Development, National Demonstration Center for Experimental Light Chemistry Engineering Education, College of Bioresources Chemical and Materials EngineeringShaanxi University of Science & TechnologyXi’anChina
  2. 2.The State Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper EngineeringSouth China University of TechnologyGuangzhouChina

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