Selective Lead(II) Adsorption and Flocculation Characteristics of the Grafted Sodium Alginate: A Comparative Study
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Synthesis of sodium alginate-g-poly(acrylamide-co-N-methylacrylamide) [S-III], sodium alginate-g-poly(N-methylacrylamide-co-N,N-dimethylacrylamide) [S-II], sodium alginate-g-poly(acrylamide-co-N,N-dimethylacrylamide) [S-I]. Sodium alginate-g-poly(N,N-dimethylacrylamide) [SAG-g-PDMA] and sodium alginate-g-poly(acrylamide) [SAG-g-PAM] were prepared by solution polymerization technique using potassium peroxydisulfate as the initiator at 70 °C in water medium. The graft copolymers were characterized by FTIR and NMR (1H and 13C) spectroscopy, SEM and XRD studies. All the five graft copolymers were used to remove Pb(II) ions from the aqueous solution and also in flocculation studies of kaolin clay (1.0 wt%), silica (1.0 wt%) and iron ore slime (0.25 wt%) suspensions. A comparative studies of all the five graft copolymers were also made in both the two cases. The Pb(II) ion removal capacity of all the graft copolymers follows the order S-III > SAG-g-PAM > S-II > SAG-g-PDMA > S-I. But the flocculation performance of the graft copolymers follows the order S-II > S-I > S-III > SAG-g-PDMA > SAG-g-PAM. S-III was also used for the competitive metal ion removal with Hg(II), Cd(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II). Pb(II) adsorption of S-III (the best Pb(II) ion adsorber) follows pseudo second order rate equation and Langmuir adsorption isotherm.
KeywordsGraft copolymerization Flocculation N,N-dimethylacrylamide N-methylacrylamide Sodium alginate Pb(II) ion removal
Financial support from Department of Science and Technology (DST), Govt. of West Bengal [868 (sanc)/ST/P/S & T/15G-9/2015 dated 15.01.2016] for carrying out the research work in earnestly acknowledged.
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