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Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 24, Issue 3, pp 241–254 | Cite as

Assessment of Ball Milling as a Compounding Technique to Develop Nanocomposites of Poly(3-Hydroxybutyrate-co-3-Hydroxyvalerate) and Bacterial Cellulose Nanowhiskers

  • Jesús Ambrosio-Martin
  • María José Fabra
  • Amparo López-Rubio
  • Giuliana Gorrasi
  • Andrea Sorrentino
  • Jose M. LagaronEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

The aim of this study was the assessment of high energy ball milling technique to develop poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) nanocomposites containing bacterial cellulose nanowhiskers (BCNW). Crystallization behaviour of PHBV/BCNW nanocomposites was studied under non-isothermal and isothermal conditions using differential scanning calorimetry. The changes in PHBV crystalline structure were also studied using X-ray diffraction. The results confirmed that BCNW acted as nucleating agents and, hence, favored the crystallization of the PHBV. The oxygen permeability of the nanocomposites was reduced by ~22 % when compared to that of the neat PHBV. This work provides a new insight into the development of polyhydroxyalkanoate composites by means of the high energy ball milling technique.

Keywords

Polyhydroxyalkanoates Bacterial cellulose nanowhiskers Bacterial cellulose nanocrystals Oxygen barrier Ball milling 

Notes

Acknowledgments

J. Ambrosio-Martín would like to thank the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness for the FPI grant BES-2010-038203. M. J. Fabra is recipient of a “Juan de la Cierva” contract from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness. The authors acknowledge financial support from the MINECO (MAT2012-38947-C02-01 project) and from the FP7 ECOBIOCAP project.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jesús Ambrosio-Martin
    • 1
  • María José Fabra
    • 1
  • Amparo López-Rubio
    • 1
  • Giuliana Gorrasi
    • 2
  • Andrea Sorrentino
    • 3
  • Jose M. Lagaron
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Novel Materials and Nanotechnology GroupIATA-CSICPaternaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Industrial EngineeringUniversity of SalernoFiscianoItaly
  3. 3.Institute for Polymers, Composites and Biomaterials (IPCB)National Research Council (CNR)PorticiItaly

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