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Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 20, Issue 2, pp 412–421 | Cite as

Biopolymers Based Green Composites: Mechanical, Thermal and Physico-chemical Characterization

Article

Abstract

Natural cellulosic fibers are one of the smartest materials for use as reinforcement in polymers possessing a number of applications. Keeping in mind the immense advantages of the natural fibers, in present work synthesis of natural cellulosic fibers reinforced polymer composites through compression molding technique have been reported. Scanning Electron microscopy (SEM), Thermo gravimetric/Differential thermal/Derivative Thermogravimetry (TGA/DTA/DTG), absorption in different solvents, moisture absorbance, water uptake and chemical resistance measurements were used as characterization techniques for evaluating the different behaviour of cellulosic natural fibers reinforced polymer composites. Effect of fiber loading on mechanical properties like tensile strength, flexural strength, compressive strength and wear resistances has also been determined. Reinforcing of the polymer matrix with natural fibers was done in the form of short fiber. Present work indicates that green composites can be successfully fabricated with useful mechanical properties. These composites may be used in secondary structural applications in automotive, housing etc.

Keywords

Natural fibers Green composites Mechanical Thermal and physico-chemical characterization 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryNational Institute of TechnologyHamirpurIndia
  3. 3.Division of Chemistry, Govt. Degree College SarkaghatHimachal Pradesh UniversityShimlaIndia

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