Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 18, Issue 3, pp 443–450 | Cite as

Influence of Fiber Treatment on the Mechanical and Morphological Properties of Sawdust Reinforced Polypropylene Composites

  • Md. Rezaur Rahman
  • Md. Nazrul Islam
  • Md. Monimul Huque


In the present work, sawdust reinforced polypropylene composites were fabricated using an extruder and an injection molding machine. Raw sawdust was chemically treated with benzene diazonium salt in order to improve the mechanical properties of the composites. The effect of the chemically treated sawdust reinforced PP composites was evaluated from their mechanical and surface morphological properties. The values of the mechanical properties of the chemically treated sawdust–PP composites were found to be significantly higher than those of the raw ones. Water uptake tests revealed that composites prepared from the chemically treated sawdust absorb lower amount of water compared to the ones prepared from raw sawdust, suggesting that hydrophilic nature of the cellulose in the sawdust has significantly decreased upon chemical treatment. The surface morphology obtained from scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed that raw sawdust–PP composites possess surface roughness with extruded filler moieties, and weak interfacial adhesion between the matrix and the filler while the chemically treated one showed improved filler–matrix interaction. This indicates that better dispersion of the filler with the PP matrix has occurred upon chemical treatment of the filler.


Mechanical properties Filler–matrix interface Chemical treatment Injection molding 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Md. Rezaur Rahman
    • 1
  • Md. Nazrul Islam
    • 1
  • Md. Monimul Huque
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryBangladesh University of Engineering and TechnologyDhakaBangladesh

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