Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 18, Issue 3, pp 250–259 | Cite as

Effect of Lignosulfonate on the Thermal and Morphological Behavior of Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate)

  • A. P. Lemes
  • M. A. Soto-Oviedo
  • W. R. Waldman
  • L. H. Innocentini-Mei
  • N. DuránEmail author
Original Paper


The effect of lignosulfonate on poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate), PHBV, was studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The PHBV/lignosulfonate samples were prepared by melt mixing in an internal mixer. SEM showed that PHBV/lignosulfonate samples present a cracked surface that is more intense in mixtures with high lignosulfonate proportions. According to DSC, melting and glass transition temperatures of the PHBV matrix decrease with lignosulfonate addition. The same effect was observed for melting enthalpies (ΔHm), which indicates a decrease of crystallinity. TGA showed that thermal stability of PHBV/lignosulfonate samples was shifted to lower temperatures, which indicates the existence of an interaction between the thermal decomposition processes of PHBV and lignosulfonate.


Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) Lignosulfonate Biodegradable polymer Thermal characterization Morphological characterization 



The authors thank FAPESP and CNPq for financial support and, PHB-Industrial and Melbar Produtos de Lignina Ltda. Brazil for supplying the PHBV and lignosulfonates, respectively.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. P. Lemes
    • 1
  • M. A. Soto-Oviedo
    • 2
  • W. R. Waldman
    • 3
  • L. H. Innocentini-Mei
    • 4
  • N. Durán
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Biological Chemistry Laboratory, Chemistry InstituteUniversidade Estadual de CampinasCampinasBrazil
  2. 2.Brasken S.A.TriunfoBrazil
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryUniversidade Estadual do Norte FluminenseMontes ClarosBrazil
  4. 4.Department of Polymer Technology, Faculdade de Engenharia QuímicaUniversidade Estadual de CampinasCampinasBrazil

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