Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 71–78 | Cite as

Effect of Reprocessing and Accelerated Weathering on ABS Properties

  • J. M. Pérez
  • J. L. Vilas
  • J. M. Laza
  • S. Arnáiz
  • F. Mijangos
  • E. Bilbao
  • L. M. León
Original Paper

Abstract

The feasibility of reprocessing has been investigated as a possible alternative for acrylonitrile–butadiene–styrene terpolymer (ABS) recycling. Up to 10 reprocessing cycles have been performed by both extrusion and injection techniques and their effect on thermal and mechanical properties have been studied. Moreover, the effect of the combined reprocessing and accelerated weathering has been analyzed. Measurements collected after each molding cycle indicated virtually complete retention of thermal properties. The same behaviour has been observed from accelerated weathering tests. With respect to the mechanical properties, neither the flow index nor the tensile strength were affected by the number of reprocessing cycles though the impact strength decreased slightly. However, the studies based on the accelerated weathering show that there is an important influence of the number of reprocessing cycles on the tensile strength.

Keywords

Reprocessing Accelerated weathering ABS Mechanical properties Thermal properties 

References

  1. 1.
    Smith H (1979) Polym Plast Technol Eng 12:141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Yen TF (1975) Recycling and disposal of solid wastes-industrial, agricultural, domestic. Ann Arbor Science, Ann Arbor, MIGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ha CS (1991) Polym Sci Technol 1:66Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Roy M (1978) Polym Eng Sci 18:721CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Guillet JE (1979) J Appl Polym Sci: Appl Polym Symp 35:599Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kim JK, Kang CK (1995) Polym Plast Technol Eng 34:875CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Brennan LB, Isaac DH, Arnold JC (2002) J Appl Polym Sci 86:572CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Eguiazabal JI, Nazabal J (1990) Polym Eng Sci 30:527CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kuczynski J, Snyder RW, Podolak PP (1994) Polym Degrad Stab 43:285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Grassie N (1977) Development in polymer degradation. Elsevier Applied Science, LondonGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gillen KT, Celina M (2001) Polym Degrad Stab 71:15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sanchez P, Remiro PM, Nazabal J (1992) Polym Eng Sci 32:861CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Brydson JA (1999) Plastics materials. Butterworth-Heinemann, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Adams ME, Buckley DJ, Colborn RE, England WP, Schissel DN (1993) Rapra Review Reports 6:1Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Liu X (2001) Mechanical recycling of engineering thermoplastics using alloying techniques. Chalmers University of Technology, GothenburgGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Potente H, Gao X (1994) Conference proceedings of ANTEC’94, p 2989Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Casale A, Salvatore O, Pizzigoni G (1975) Polym Eng Sci 15:286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Boldizar A, Möller K (2003) Polym Degrad Stab 81:359CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Bai X, Isaac DH, Smith K (2007) Polym Eng Sci 47:120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Bair HE, Boyle DJ, Kelleher PG (1980) Polym Eng Sci 20:995CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Davis P, Tiganis BE, Burn LS (2004) Polym Degrad Stab 84:233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    ASTM STP 1294 (1996) In: Herling RJ (ed) Durability testing of nonmetallic materials, p 91Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Jakubowicz I (2001) Polym Testing 20:545CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Orden S (2000) Agricultura Técnica 60:3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Shimada J, Kabuki K (1968) J Appl Polym Sci 12:671CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Zahn A (1997) Kunststoffe 87:314Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Shimada J, Kabuki K, Ando M (1972) Rev Electr Commun Lab 20:553Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. M. Pérez
    • 1
  • J. L. Vilas
    • 1
  • J. M. Laza
    • 1
  • S. Arnáiz
    • 2
  • F. Mijangos
    • 1
  • E. Bilbao
    • 3
  • L. M. León
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Química Física, Facultad de Ciencia y TecnologíaUniversidad del País Vasco (UPV/EHU)BilbaoSpain
  2. 2.Departamento de Reciclado y ValorizaciónFundación GaikerZamudioSpain
  3. 3.Departamento de Ingeniería Química y Medio AmbienteEscuela Universitaria de Ingeniería Técnica Minera, Universidad del País Vasco (UPV/EHU)BarakaldoSpain

Personalised recommendations