Emission of Volatiles from Polymers — A New Approach for Understanding Polymer Degradation
- 198 Downloads
Emission of low molar mass compounds from different polymeric materials was determined and the results from the volatile analysis were applied to predict the degree of degradation and long-term properties, to determine degradation rates and mechanisms, to differentiate between biotic and abiotic degradation and for quality control work. Solid-phase microextraction and solid-phase extraction together with GC-MS were applied to identify and quantify the low molar mass compounds. Volatiles were released and monitored at early stages of degradation before any matrix changes were observed by e.g. SEC, DSC and tensile testing. The analysis of volatiles can thus also be applied to detect small differences between polymeric materials and their susceptibility to degradation. The formation of certain degradation products correlated with the changes taking place in the polymer matrix, these indicator products could, thus, be analysed to rapidly predict the degree of degradation in the polymer matrix and further to predict the long-term properties and remaining lifetime of the product.
KeywordsEmission of volatiles polymer chromatography lifetime prediction degradation
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 2.Hakkarainen, M., Albertsson, A.-C., Karlsson, S. 1997J. Environ. Polym. Degrad56773Google Scholar
- 6.Lindström, A., Albertsson, A.-C., Hakkarainen, M. 2004J. Chromatogr. A1022171177Google Scholar
- 7.Lindström, A., Albertsson, A.-C., Hakkarainen, M. 2004Polym. Degrad. Stab83487493Google Scholar
- 8.Albertsson, A.-C., Barenstedt, C., Karlsson, S., Lindberg, T. 1995Polymer3630753083Google Scholar
- 9.Albertsson, A.-C., Erlandsson, B., Hakkarainen, M., Karlsson, S. 1998J. Environ. Polym. Degrad6187195Google Scholar
- 10.Hakkarainen, M., Albertsson, A.-C. 2004Adv. Polym. Sci169177199Google Scholar
- 11.Hakkarainen, M., Karlsson, S., Albertsson, A.-C. 1999Polymer4123312338Google Scholar