Introducing the MiniPONS: A Short Multichannel Version of the Profile of Nonverbal Sensitivity (PONS)
- 1.1k Downloads
Despite extensive research activity on the recognition of emotional expression, there are only few validated tests of individual differences in this competence (generally considered as part of nonverbal sensitivity and emotional intelligence). This paper reports the development of a short, multichannel, version (MiniPONS) of the established Profile of Nonverbal Sensitivity (PONS) test. The full test has been extensively validated in many different cultures, showing substantial correlations with a large range of outcome variables. The short multichannel version (64 items) described here correlates very highly with the full version and shows reasonable construct validity through significant correlations with other tests of emotion recognition ability. Based on these results, the role of nonverbal sensitivity as part of a latent trait of emotional competence is discussed and the MiniPONS is suggested as a convenient method to perform a rapid screening of this central socioemotional competence.
KeywordsNonverbal sensitivity Emotional competence Emotional intelligence Assessment
The research reported here was supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation, and the Swiss Center for Affective Sciences. The authors gratefully acknowledge important contributions by Didier Grandjean, Fridtjof Nussbeck, and Olivier Rosset.
- Hall, J. A. (1984). Nonverbal sex differences: Communication accuracy and expressive style. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
- Hall, J. A. (2001). The PONS test and the psychometric approach to measuring interpersonal sensitivity. In J. A. Hall & F. J. Bernieri (Eds.), Interpersonal sensitivity: Theory and measurement (pp. 143–160). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
- Juslin, P. N., & Scherer, K. R. (2005). Vocal expression of affect. In J. A. Harrigan, R. Rosenthal, & K. Scherer (Eds.), The new handbook of methods in nonverbal behavior research (pp. 65–135). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Rosenthal, R., Hall, J. A., DiMatteo, M. R., Rogers, P. L., & Archer, D. (1979). Sensitivity to nonverbal communication: The PONS Test. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
- Rosenthal, R., & Rosnow, R. L. (2008). Essentials of behavioral research: Methods and data analysis (3rd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
- Scherer, K. R. (1994). Toward a concept of “modal emotions”. In P. Ekman & R. J. Davidson (Eds.), The nature of emotion: Fundamental questions (pp. 25–31). New York/Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Scherer, K. R. (2007). Component models of emotion can inform the quest for emotional competence. In G. Matthews, M. Zeidner, & R. D. Roberts (Eds.), The science of emotional intelligence: Knowns and unknowns (pp. 101–126). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Scherer, K. R., & Scherer, U. (2011). Assessing the ability to recognize facial and vocal expressions of emotion: Construction and validation of the Emotion Recognition Index (ERI). Journal of Nonverbal Behavior.Google Scholar