Journal of Nonverbal Behavior

, Volume 35, Issue 3, pp 189–204 | Cite as

Introducing the MiniPONS: A Short Multichannel Version of the Profile of Nonverbal Sensitivity (PONS)

  • Tanja Bänziger
  • Klaus R. Scherer
  • Judith A. Hall
  • Robert Rosenthal
Original Paper


Despite extensive research activity on the recognition of emotional expression, there are only few validated tests of individual differences in this competence (generally considered as part of nonverbal sensitivity and emotional intelligence). This paper reports the development of a short, multichannel, version (MiniPONS) of the established Profile of Nonverbal Sensitivity (PONS) test. The full test has been extensively validated in many different cultures, showing substantial correlations with a large range of outcome variables. The short multichannel version (64 items) described here correlates very highly with the full version and shows reasonable construct validity through significant correlations with other tests of emotion recognition ability. Based on these results, the role of nonverbal sensitivity as part of a latent trait of emotional competence is discussed and the MiniPONS is suggested as a convenient method to perform a rapid screening of this central socioemotional competence.


Nonverbal sensitivity Emotional competence Emotional intelligence Assessment 



The research reported here was supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation, and the Swiss Center for Affective Sciences. The authors gratefully acknowledge important contributions by Didier Grandjean, Fridtjof Nussbeck, and Olivier Rosset.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tanja Bänziger
    • 1
    • 4
  • Klaus R. Scherer
    • 1
  • Judith A. Hall
    • 2
  • Robert Rosenthal
    • 3
  1. 1.Swiss Centre for Affective SciencesUniversity of GenevaGenevaSwitzerland
  2. 2.Northeastern UniversityBostonUSA
  3. 3.University of CaliforniaRiversideUSA
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyUppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden

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